A second psychoactive species of the plant, Cannabis indica, was identified by the French naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, and a third, uncommon one, Cannabis ruderalis, was named in 1924 by Russian botanist D.E. Janischevisky.
“Many early prejudices against marijuana were thinly veiled racist fears of its smokers, often promulgated by reactionary newspapers,” Warf wrote in his report. “Mexicans were frequently blamed for smoking marijuana, property crimes, seducing children and engaging in murderous sprees.”
“For the most part, it was widely used for medicine and spiritual purposes,” during pre-modern times, said Warf, a professor of geography at the University of Kansas in Lawrence. For example, the Vikings and medieval Germans used cannabis for relieving pain during childbirth and for toothaches, he said.
In 1930, Harry Aslinger became the first commissioner of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics (FBN) and undertook multiple efforts to make marijuana illegal in all states. In 1937, the Marijuana Tax Act put cannabis under the regulation of the Drug Enforcement Agency, criminalizing possession of the plant throughout the country.
Cannabis came to the Middle East between 2000 B.C. and 1400 B.C., and it was probably used there by the Scythians, a nomadic Indo-European group. The Scythians also likely carried the drug into southeast Russia and Ukraine, as they occupied both territories for years, according to Warf’s report. Germanic tribes brought the drug into Germany, and marijuana went from there to Britain during the 5th century with the Anglo-Saxon invasions. [See map of marijuana’s spread throughout the world.]
From Asia to Europe
Over the next centuries, cannabis migrated to various regions of the world, traveling through Africa, reaching South America in the 19th century and being carried north afterwards, eventually reaching North America.
It is important to distinguish between the two familiar subspecies of the cannabis plant, Warf said. Cannabis sativa, known as marijuana, has psychoactive properties. The other plant is Cannabis sativa L. (The L was included in the name in honor of the botanist Carl Linnaeus.) This subspecies is known as hemp; it is a nonpsychoactive form of cannabis, and is used in manufacturing products such as oil, cloth and fuel. [11 Odd Facts About Marijuana]
Burned cannabis seeds have also been found in kurgan burial mounds in Siberia dating back to 3,000 B.C., and some of the tombs of noble people buried in Xinjiang region of China and Siberia around 2500 B.C. have included large quantities of mummified psychoactive marijuana.
From the Asian steppes where Cannabis sativa plants first evolved, to prehistoric hunters and gatherers, ancient China, Viking ships and finally the Americas, a new report outlines marijuana’s history.
In some states where marijuana is now legal, more and more marijuana has become “edibles” and are marketed in retail establishments as candy, baked goods, chocolate, brownies, gummy bears, cookies and even as pizza.
Joint is known as the method of using marijuana as a cigarette while “bong” is when the drug is smoked in a water pipe or using a “vape” pen to be vaporized. “Hit” is the single consumption of smoke from a tube or joint. It can also be combined in food and eaten or made as a tea. Moreover, “blunts” is a process of smoking marijuana in cigarettes.
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The following are the other names or slang terms for Marijuana:
The most common question from people who are interested in becoming a cannabis grower is “how long does it take to grow marijuana?” This is a good question as every new marijuana grower should know how much work they need to grow the plant. The answer is 3-5 Months for an average indoor grown marijuana plant.
People who want to be cannabis growers ask, “where does marijuana plant grow naturally?” Basically, marijuana can grow anywhere if you have the right seeds. You can easily buy marijuana seeds online. Today, marijuana is largely found in South Asia especially in Afghanistan. And in America, South America holds the largest production of the plant.
Some people use the practice of dabbing, which means they smoke the THC-rich resins extract of marijuana. These come in different forms such as hash oil (with a consistency of a gooey liquid), shatter (hard, amber-colored solid) and wax (a soft solid that looks like lip balm). These contain large amounts of THC.
Marijuana is a plant which is cultivated worldwide. It also grows in the wild in many parts of the world. In Asia, it has been known to grow wild and in some regions it is left to grow on its own. In other parts of the world, like in North America feral marijuana is most probably from plants or seed disposed by former growers. Users from all countries also grow weed on their own. Given the right conditions, weed can grow in any soil and in almost all climates.
As a narcotic and hallucinogenic, the short-term effects of marijuana that can be seen or noticed on a user are a difficulty with problem-solving and thinking, loss of motor coordination, disordered learning and memory, increased heart rate, and nervousness and distorted awareness (sounds, sights, time, touch). Worse effects are there when a person combines marijuana with other drugs and alcohol. They can develop a dry mouth.
Marijuana is considered the most used illegal drug in the world. Find out the many ways that marijuana is produced, used and the reason for its popularity.