Compared to the rest of the marijuana plant, trichomes contain a much higher concentration of:
While trichomes offer multiple benefits to the marijuana plant, to marijuana consumers they’re primarily appreciated because they hold the compounds that are responsible for cannabis’ effects, as well as the way it smells and tastes.
Kief is the accumulation of trichomes in the form of a shimmery powder. Typically, a three-chamber herb grinder is used to separate the kief from the flower, producing a highly-potent concentrate that can be inhaled by smoking or vaping, or added to foods and beverages.
Marijuana users interested in increasing their cannabinoid intake can harvest trichomes and use them to produce the kief or hash. By containing only trichome heads, the two concentrates offer the highest potency of nearly all marijuana products.
Slightly larger and more common, capitate-sessile trichomes contain a small stalk and head that is more abundant in cannabinoids compared to the bulbous type.
Hash is similar to kief, except that the trichomes are pressed into a solid mass. Most commonly made by separating the flower’s trichomes from the plant by hand or dry-sifting with a screen, hash can be inhaled via smoking, vaping, or dabbing, or infused into marijuana edibles .
With their strong aroma and bitter taste, trichomes help deter animals and bugs. They also help protect the plants from potentially harmful UV rays and damaging winds.
Sharing a similar chemical makeup as the endocannabinoids that are synthesized naturally by the body, cannabis-derived cannabinoids are able to interact with the endocannabinoid system’s cannabinoid receptors to stimulate the chemical reactions to produce natural beneficial effects.
On cannabis plants, trichomes serve as defenders against insects, animals, and other non-living environmental variables that may harm the plant. When female marijuana plants begin producing buds, they become especially vulnerable to pests. Ants, mites, caterpillars, and moths are just some of the bugs that may ruin your plant’s buds and damage its health.
Trichomes are small resin glands found on marijuana flowers and leaves. It's in the trichomes that compounds like cannabinoids are most highly concentrated.