The storage complex is planned in the Johansen formation south of Troll, named Aurora. The pressure in the reservoir is expected to range between 200 and 300 barG, with a temperature of approximately 100 °C. The storage complex is expected to have a capacity of at least 100 million tons of CO2.
Phase 2: Should market demand for storage support it, the NL JV partners will take a positive final investment decision to develop of Phase 2. Phase 2 would include capacity to receive, inject and store an additional 3.5 million tons of CO2 per annum, adding up to a total of 5 million tons of CO2 per annum.
*Ship capasity based on capture sites in Norwegian Full-Scale CCS Project.
The 110 km long, 12 ¼ inch, un-insulated pipeline will transport the single phase (liquid) CO2 from the intermediate storage site at Naturgassparken to the subsea injection well.
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- Capture of CO2 at the waste-to-energy plant Fortum Oslo Varme in Oslo.
- Capture of CO2 at the Norcem (Heidelberg Group) cement factory in Brevik.
- The combined transport and storage solution, governed by the collaboration agreement between Equinor, Shell and Total in the Northern Lights Project.
The Northern Lights project comprises the transport and storage scope of the Norwegian Full-Scale CCS Project. Liquified and pressurized CO2 will be loaded from the capture site to the ships which will transport it to the Northern Lights onshore terminal at Naturgassparken in Norway. At the terminal, CO2 will be offloaded from the ship into onshore intermediate storage tanks. Buffering the CO2 in onshore intermediate storage tanks allows for continuous transport of CO2 by pipeline to the subsea well(s) for injection into a subsurface, geological storage complex. The Northern Lights project is planned to be developed in two phases.
Phase 1: Concept capacity to transport, inject and store up to 1.5 million tons of CO2 per annum.
Three critical factors for the total 5 million tons of CO2 capacity will be included already in phase 1, namely the basic functionality of the receiving terminal, offshore pipeline, and the umbilical to the offshore template. Both phases will offer flexibility to receive volumes from European CO2 sources, beyond the 800,000 tons per annum of CO2 which would come from The Norwegian CCS Full-Scale Project, assuming both of the initial Norwegian capture projects are realized (Fortum Oslo Varme and Norcem, each with 400,000 tons per annum). For more information on how the Northern Lights would enable decarbonization of industrial sources in Europe, please visit Business Opportunities.
The Northern Lights project is part of the Norwegian CCS full-scale project, which includes capture of CO2 from industrial sources in the Oslofjord region, shipping of liquid CO2 from capture sites to an onshore terminal on the Norwegian west coast, and pipeline transport from onshore to an offshore storage complex in the North Sea.
Nortthern Lights plant bred by Neville for Sensi Seeds
The Northern Lights cannabis strain is, probably, one of the most renowned and appreciated Indicas around the world. Winner of countless awards and born as pure Afghani for the first years, it seems like some Thai Sativa genetics were added to its genepool at some time, what probably accounts for the fruity taste and intense cerebral high for which this variety is known. In this way, and despite it is a mostly Indica strain, Sativa phenotypes are found from time to time, rare individuals with spectacular features.
According to most sources, it is believed that it was created on the 70’s by a breeder known as “The Indian” on an island near Seattle, WA, although others claim that the strain originated in California before The Indian started growing it. The story goes that there were 11 Northern Lights plants (labeled #1-#11), being #5 and #1 the best ones, all of them truly Afghani plants with strong Indica features: resinous, compact, dark green and very stable.
The Northern Lights is known for being a very resinous strain with high yields and very compact buds. Plants are strong and bushy, with many side branches that can perfectly support the weight of the flowers. It flowers fast, being usually ready in about two months of bloom and perfect to make top grade hashish. Due its compact buds it can develop molds during the flowering stage, especially in humid climates.
Somehow, in 1985 the 100% Indica Northern Lights arrived Europe – Netherlands – from the Pacific North West – ending up in Neville Schoenmaker‘s hands, owner of Holland’s first marijuana seedbank, known as The Seed Bank (later renamed Sensi Seeds by its new owner). It is told that all plants given to Neville were females, but The Seed Bank soon had Northern Lights seeds available in its catalog, so. how did Neville create his NL lines?
The smell and taste are piney and earthy, with honey and ripe fruits undertones. The effect is intense, body relaxing ans suitable for the nighttime. Northern Lights has proven its medicinal properties throughout the years, being ideal to combat sleep and eating disorders.
Several breeders offer their particular versions of the Northern Lights: the original NL#1 is commercialised by Sensi Seeds, while the Northern Lights #2 can be found in Dutch Passion’s catalog under the name of Oasis. The NL#2 was also used to develop one of the first auto-flowering strains, the original Lowryder. Female Seeds, Pyramid Seeds, Genehtik and Royal Queen Seeds also have NL hybrids, without forgetting Dinafem’s Industrial Plant, the Deimos from Buddha Seeds or Bella Ciao from Tiki Seeds.
The most likely theory is that Neville used Afghani males to hybridize and inbreed the different Northern Lights females he was given, and Thai Sativa genes were later introduced into some of the NL hybrids. Northern Lights #1 seems to be a true-breeding Afghani IBL, while NL#2 is a very potent NL#1 x Hindu Kush hybrid (which is actually Dutch Passion’s Oasis). It is believed that NL#5 was the best plant of the bunch, so it is probably the only NL female from the original 11 plants that has been kept pure. It has been used to develop tens of outstanding hybrids over time. Also, two males were selected from this different hybrids, labeled #1 and #2, which were used to develop several strains from The Seed Bank catalog.
The NL#5 is also present in strains with widespread fame in the cannabis scene: Jack Herer, Super Silver Haze and Neville’s Haze. As you can see, it has been used in hundreds of hybrids, also including the NL5/Afghan from Mr. Nice seedbank or Dutch Passion’s Ortega.
Northern Lights is one of those legendary strains of which everyone has heard about at some time. Coming from Afghani genetics, it became one of the m