The region has been at war now for over twenty five years, so chances of getting in, wandering around on a cannabis seeking odyssey and getting out alive are very slim. The Afghani seeds of legend used to create such classics as Skunk and White Rhino were smuggled out of Afghanistan in the mid eighties before fighting became too dreadful with Russia. These prized seeds ended up in Europe and the States and are jealously guarded to this day.
Not growing taller than 110cm makes Green AK XL Autoflowering ideal for general outdoor or stealth grows. Discretely secreted under tree canopies or among other companion greenery, your plants can be easily hidden from prying eyes. Being ready so quickly usually means time for a second and in more tropical climates with longer days, a third crop per season. Each plant gifts up to 150 grams of deliciously flavoursome trichome covered flowers that pack a 14% THC punch.
Green AK XL is a primo example of the cannabis growers art. This fast maturing and heavily flowered plant is a totally tricked out AK-47. Adding Mexican and Thai genetics to the already buzzing and cerebral Colombian sativa gives the familiar AK effects a delicious connoisseurs twist. The indica component is given a density re-boost by backcrossing with another Afghani. This has produced a stable sativa-dominant plant, that displays extraordinary hybrid vigour with high yields and a quick 55 day maturation time.
The plant typifies the sativa silhouette. It is lanky with a fair distance between internodes. Leaves are thin with heavily serrated fingerlettes, that do not overlap and have a tendency to droop. With contemporary husbandry well grown examples of Mexican sinsemilla flowers are by no means “light and fluffy”, they are densely packed with resins. The branches grow long, with the flower formations distributed along the branches and central cola, taking eleven to fourteen weeks to mature.
Cannabis is thought to have evolved on the steppes of Central Asia. Human beings have exploited this multi-purpose plant for over twelve thousand years and cannabis has played an important role in the development of civilizations throughout the eons. Cannabis is thought to be partly responsible for the early rise of Chinese civilization and ingenuity. The invention of hemp paper some 2,200 years ago provided the vehicle for recording knowledge that was able to be passed down through the ages, having a similar effect on Chinese culture the Gutenberg press had on European culture 1,500 years later.
As with Mexico, cannabis has been a staple plant in Colombia since before recorded history. It has been in the region long enough to adapt to local climates and evolve several stable landraces. These are classed into two categories: highland and lowland cannabis. Lowland was the typical plant grown commercially by cartels in the seventies to service the increasing demand from the US. Highland grows best above 800 metres and below 2,000 metres altitude and is the preferred breeding stock, as it is far more psychoactive, than the coastal grown cousin.
Thailand is the closest nation to the cradle of cannabis evolution in Central Asia. Thai cannabis is thought to be the most ancient domesticated strain and has drifted little genetically over the thousands of years it has been cultivated. Thailand is an environmentally diverse region with very hilly rainforests, bountiful valleys and extensive tropical coasts.
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Is this where it all began? This mountain range seen from space like a creased blanket across Asia is thought to be the birthplace of cannabis. Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Northern India and Southern China are the cradle of the cannabis species, spreading around the globe via trade routes like the Silk Road, which reached from China to Europe and the British Isles.
Landraces are the key to the contemporary cannabis genetics. We look at Mexican Colombian Thai Afghani and how we use them in breeding.
No doubt, you’ve heard of Kilimanjaro or Afghan Kush, but did you know they are considered Landrace strains? Have you ever wondered what exactly a Landrace strain is, where they came from, and why they are so rare?
Landrace strains, having grown wild and indigenously over the years throughout various regions in the world with virtually no variations from one plant to another, these strains maintain remarkable consistency. You won’t find hybrid ‘landrace’ strains — generally, they are either 100% Indica or Sativa.
According to lore, Landrace strains find their origins in the Hindu Kush region of Afghanistan and Pakistan, where they eventually spread to Asia, Africa, Jamaica, South America, and remarkably, Russia.
The properties of Landrace strains vary by region, and because over their history they never experienced the sudden introduction of new genetics through hybridization, they adopt the qualities that are most ideally suited for the region they were grown. So, while these conditions don’t mean they are by definition superior, their characteristics are certainly unique.
Man’s kinship with cannabis is documented as far back as 2900 B.C. In biblical days, cannabis grew wild in its native habitat where growers weren’t doing a lot of crossbreeding. Cannabis strains tended to be what today we call Landrace strains. Broadly speaking, a Landrace is a pure cannabis strain cultivated in its natural environment which has never been crossbred with another variety.
Nevertheless, for many veteran cannabis users, lighting up a vintage strain such as Acapulco Gold can be an exciting trip down memory lane, evoking memories from an earlier era. And, in fact, many adventurous travelers have been so inspired to make the journey to the now infamous “Hippie Trail,” also known as the “Hashish Trail” (which spans Turkey to India).
In recent years, the resurgence in popularity of genetically unadulterated Landrace cannabis strains may seem to run counter to the desire of so many consumers to seek out the latest and greatest, most innovative crossbred strains. However, many consumers have sought a return to our cannabis roots.
Landrace strains are usually named after their country or region of origin. For example, Acapulco Gold and Panama Red are sativas from Mexico and South America respectively; Hindu Kush and Pure Afghan are indicas from the Afghanistan/Pakistan region.
Because Landraces are pure strains, their flavor and effects are unique and distinct from newer hybrid strains. These special plants maintain consistent and distinct characteristics. While many of these strains appeal to connoisseurs, simply because a strand is considered a Landrace doesn’t mean every Landrace’ strain represents the pinnacle of quality. Landrace is simply a designation to describe its genetic purity and indigenous upbringing.
Have you ever wondered what exactly a Landrace strain is, where they came from, and why they are so rare?