For home cultivators—particularly beginners—feminized cannabis seed can be a great choice to start your grow off on the right foot. Do you want to know how to grow feminized seeds indoors? These tips from Dutch Passion will help you grow the best feminized seeds indoors. Learn how to grow feminized cannabis seeds outdoors, all of the tips and tricks needed for a successful grow.
Get Started Growing Feminized Cannabis Seed
Growing your own cannabis for personal use is a rewarding practice—as well as a great way to save money. Today there are quite a few options open to home growers, and cultivating high-quality cannabis is easier to accomplish than ever before.
Commercial growers rely on clones for their mass production, and seed plays a much smaller role, mostly for breeding to create new strains. Growing numerous seeds from a new cross or true strain and selecting the best phenotypes, which are then cloned for large production, is the goal of these companies. For the majority of home growers, however, the opposite is true, and clones play a smaller role. Although cloning is done in home grows, seed reigns supreme!
Most seed companies present a few options for seed buyers: normal seed, auto-flowering seed, and feminized seed. For home cultivators—particularly beginners—feminized seed is a great choice.
What Is Feminized Seed?
Simply stated, feminized seed is seed that will only grow into female plants, which is the goal of nearly every home grower. Female plants, of course, are the sex that grows the lush, sticky, trichome-covered flowers that the grower will harvest and use for medical purposes or recreational enjoyment.
For seed companies to create feminized seed, the process is fairly straightforward. The fact that plants will reproduce when under stress is widely known. In fact, when some female cannabis plants are in full flower but not in the presence of a male cannabis plant, they will resort to self-pollenization by producing a very small number (sometimes only one or two) of male sex organs, which they then use to pollinate themselves to create seed and ensure future generations of their kind.
Known as hermaphrodites, these aberrant female plants with minor male traits are sometimes difficult to detect in a grow with other females. Usually, these “hermies” are an undesirable thing, but since they can be difficult to detect in a large grow, they slip by undetected when harvested, producing good flowers, but flower that also contains a very small number of seeds, usually just a few.
When a cannabis enthusiast discovers a seed or two in an otherwise excellent bag of cannabis flowers, the seeds are a result of a self-pollinating female plant. When germinated and grown, these “selfed seeds” will invariably grow into female plants, because the female that pollinated herself lacks the male chromosome to produce a true male plant. By reproducing herself without being pollinated by a true male, the best she can do is create more females just like herself. For this reason, “bag seed” often grows into plants that produce surprisingly good flower, although these plants also have the tendency to self-reproduce once mature—just like their mother.
How Is Feminized Seed Made?
True feminized seeds sold by seed companies are created intentionally by using select female plants. Feminized seed is not true self-pollinated seed, but is quite similar, created by using more than one female plant.
To create this seed, seed companies will select prime females of the same strain. These females are the best phenotypes of that strain—the best of the best. They’re the stickiest and hardiest females, the ones that have amazing terpene profiles and rich, tantalizing aromas. One of these select females is then stressed to encourage hermaphrodite traits.
There is more than one way to intentionally stress a female plant, but probably the most common method is to apply colloidal silver to the female. Exposing her to colloidal silver will cause the female to produce a fairly robust amount of male sex organs—the pollen sacks seen on pure male plants. The cultivator then collects an ample quantity of this feminized pollen, which is the consistency of fine dust. Dusted or brushed onto the flowers of other prime females of the same strain will result in an abundant amount of feminized seed of that particular strain.
How to grow feminized seeds indoors
Do you want to know how to grow feminized seeds indoors? These tips from Dutch Passion will help you grow the best feminized seeds indoors. More information can be found in our extensive indoor growing guide.
Choose a grow system that you can understand
Deep water culture may be one of the best ways to grow feminized seeds indoors, but it requires a good working knowledge of nutrient management, nutrient measurement and plenty of experience. Growing cannabis in coco fibre is easier and produces heavy crops. Many first time cannabis growers start growing with a soil mix bought from the local grow shop. Once you have grown a few crops your confidence will improve and you will understand the basics, and feel able to tackle more complicated grow systems. Keep your first cannabis grows as simple as you can, and use the local grow shop for advice. Your local hydroponics store is a one-stop shop for materials and advice.
Choosing feminized seeds for indoor growing
It’s never been easier to buy feminized seeds online. Although you have hundreds of varieties to choose from, your first decision is whether to buy feminized autoflower seeds or feminized photoperiod seeds.
Growing feminized autoflower seeds indoors
Feminized autoflower seeds grow from seed to harvest with 20 hours of daily light, taking around 75 days. First time cannabis growers are often recommended to grow feminized autoflower seeds, they are easy to grow and the best autoflower seeds can produce huge yields of several hundred grams per plant in good conditions. The Dutch Passion feminized autoflower seed collection is one of the best available, with lots of customer grow reviews.
Growing feminized photoperiod seeds indoors
Feminized photoperiod seeds are often simply called feminized seeds. They have two growth phases controlled by the amount of light. When growing feminized seeds indoors under 18+ hours of daily light they grow in a vegetive mode, producing leaves, roots, branches but no buds. When the amount of daily light is reduced to 12 hours the plants start to produce buds, this is known as the bloom phase, sometimes called the flowering phase. Depending on the variety, the bloom phase takes around 9 weeks of 12/12 light. One of the best tips for growing feminized seeds indoors is to provide plenty of light during bloom to maximise your harvest. For a 1.2 x 1.2m tent a 600W HPS is a good solution, and some growers will use higher light levels to maximise their harvest.
Feminized seeds indoors. Avoid over-feeding and over-watering
When growing feminized seeds indoors the two main mistakes we see are plants being over fed, and (for soil grown plants) over-watering is a common error. Cannabis roots need oxygen to thrive, they don’t like waterlogged soil. Allow the soil to partially dry out between waterings, this allows some root aeration. Over feeding plants can really slow down development, the tips of the leaves go brown and crispy – a condition known as nutrient burn. Experienced growers monitor their nutrient concentrations using an EC meter to measure Electrical Conductivity, they are a recommended grow room gadget to help optimise your grows. Over-feeding your cannabis plants is particularly damaging to young plants which can remain permanently stunted, never fully recovering afterwards. When growing feminized seeds indoors, start your plants at low nutrient concentrations and gradually increase nutrient concentration, backing off at the first sign of over feeding.
Feminized seeds indoors. Maintaining the nutrient sweet spot
The experienced cannabis grower is able to steadily increase nutrient concentrations throughout the grow without under-feeding or over-feeding his plants. Keeping your plants in this nutrient sweet spot will ensure that you feminized seeds grow into healthy, heavy yielding plants. If light levels are high, the root mass is healthy and plenty of fresh air is supplied to the grow room then you should get healthy plants with heavy blooms.
The best nutrients for feminized seed indoor growing
All of the major nutrient companies offer products that will grow good quality cannabis. Many growers will eventually settle on their own preferred nutrient brand and feel that using the same brand with increased skill and experience is the best approach.
High THC results with feminized seeds grown indoors
Combine good quality cannabis genetics with an optimised environment and you will get heavy harvests of THC rich buds. The latest research is showing that crops grown under high intensity LED grow lights have routinely higher THC levels compared to identical cuttings grown under HPS. Use of UVA and UVB supplemental light, such as the SolarSystem UVB during bloom can also increase THC levels. A selection of the best LED grow lights on the market can be found on our sister companies website, Crazy LEDs. As well as offering higher cannabinoid levels, LED grow lights produce less heat than HPS lights, use less energy and last longer. LED grow lights are the preferred choice of the serious hobby grower as well as the professional legal cannabis producers.
Dutch Passion feminized seeds for indoor growing
Dutch Passion feminized seeds and autoflower seeds are highly rated, our cannabis seed collection has never been better. And our varieties have never been as well proven or popular. The best selling Dutch Passion feminized seeds from 2017 are shown below. If you are looking for some top quality feminized seeds to grow indoors you won’t find a better and more complete collection of seeds.
How to Grow Feminized Cannabis Seeds Outdoors
When it comes to growing cannabis, one of the best ways to harvest quality and quantity is via feminized seeds and by following our advice. If you want to know more, keep reading!
Table of Contents
Most seed Banks have a selection of feminized cannabis seeds and many of them can be grown outdoors unless the manufacturer indicates otherwise.
Feminized cannabis seeds allow you to guarantee female plants, which are the ones that produce buds and the most planted type of cannabis seed. On the other hand, regular seeds produce both male and female cannabis plants and growing them takes more work.
How to Choose Feminized Cannabis Seeds for Outdoors
Nowadays it’s possible to buy high quality feminized cannabis seeds that are easy to grow. These seeds can guarantee a decent harvest at affordable prices, considering the extra expenses involved in obtaining high quality cannabis in a dispensary or by other means.
There are certain factors you’ll need to keep in mind when it comes to choosing the right feminized seeds for outdoor growing.
Size of the Strain
Feminized cannabis strains grown outdoors can grow quite large and produce large yields when given enough time to grow and the proper care. Sativa-dominant strains tend to grow a lot bigger and taller than indica-dominant strains.
If you need a discreet strain for a small area such as a balcony, you’ll need to make sure the strain isn’t going to grow too big. If height and discretion aren’t an issue, you can always train, prune, plant later or plant autoflowering seeds. These last ones produce high yields and slightly less quality than feminized light-dependent strains. Feminized cannabis plants outdoors.
When to Harvest Outdoors
Cannabis plants outdoors must deal with insects, possible fungi and sometimes, bad weather. Therefore an early harvest is a great way to avoid these issues, as well as keeping insects and fungi from having enough time to do damage to your plants. Nowadays there are many different fast-flowering strains such as Critical King (hybrid) and Jamaican Dream (sativa), which have been extremely popular in outdoor grows all around the world.
Things to Keep in Mind When Choosing Feminized Seeds
As well as these factors, you can also choose your seeds depending on the type of effect that they produce (stimulating, relaxing, balanced), as well as different aromas and flavours and other factors such as genetics or cannabinoid proportion.
These last few factors are more personal; we recommend starting off with the size of your grow as a basis for your strain choice, making sure that you keep in mind harvesting times too. Later on, you can narrow it down to other characteristics.
How to Grow Feminized Cannabis Seeds Outoors
In the following section we’ll go over, stage by stage, how to grow feminized cannabis seeds outdoors.
General advice for growing feminized cannabis seeds
- Whenever you can use white flowerpots or smart pots; this allows for your plants’ roots to grow out more and cooler, while also feeding more.
- Excess heat can cause your plants to begin consuming nutrients stored in their leaves, causing nasty symptoms and colours.
- Protect your plants right from the start using natural preventive products such as neem oil, or using bio or chemical insecticides and fungicides if you already have an infestation.
- Make sure to keep in mind the seed bank’s recommendations in regard to when to harvest and the plants’ nutritional needs – make the most of your strain.
- Choose your flowerpot sizes based on the amount of space that you have; make sure not to place too many plants, they need enough space to grow out properly.
- Whenever you water, check and adjust the pH in your water as needed. Also, if possible, you should also check EC levels. If you need more information about watering your plants, you can check out our post how to water cannabis plants.
- If you use tap water or give your plants a lot of nutrients you should get used to using enzymes in order to get rid of unwanted salts and dead roots.
- When it comes to growing in flowerpots, use nutrients in liquid format – they are absorbed rapidly and allow for more control over dosages.
- On the other hand, if you’re growing out in the ground, you should used powdered fertilizers which cover more space and are slow-releasing.
Make sure to keep the flowerpots up off the ground to allow for more airflow and so that the heat from the ground doesn’t reach the roots.
- During the summer, keep in mind that temperatures rise, and evaporation is faster when watering plants. The hotter it is, the more moisture evaporates; you’ll need to water more often, although if you keep fertilizing as usual you can easily cause overfertilization. We recommend using the same amount of nutrients as always, divided into more feedings, or using more enzymes.
Germination involves the seed changing from inactive, to a seedling. It can take just over 24h or even up to 7 days for seeds to germinate, depending on the strain, the germination conditions, how they’re stored and the state of the seeds.
In order to guarantee healthy germination and proper rooting before the growth stage, we recommend germinating your seeds separately and once they’ve become saplings, place them in their first flowerpot. If you need more information about germinating cannabis seeds, you can check out our post on how to germinate cannabis seeds.
Planting cannabis seeds after germination
Once your cannabis seeds have been germinated, you’ll need to plant them in their first flowerpot. Once your plant has around 1cm of roots, it can be planted – we recommend starting with a small pot, around 0.2 – 0.4L, with an airy, high-quality substrate. Before planting, moisten the substrate and make a small hole for placing the root.
During the first days, we recommend keeping plants in a propagator, inside with direct light, or in a growth grow tent indoors. We recommend keeping them protected until the first 4 leaves have developed and they can begin growing properly.
We also highly recommend using some sort of root stimulant such as Rootfast in order to increase root growth, as well as Trichoderma and mycorrhizae like Top Crop Micro Vita in order to protect and stimulate plant growth. Cannabis plant with three cotyledon leaves during the first growing days.
As your plants grow, their roots will begin taking over the substrate. There will come a point when your plants’ roots will end up filling up the substrate and growth will stop. Your plants might even end up with certain deficiencies when this happens as they won’t be able to find enough nutrients in the soil, and they’ll begin absorbing nutrients from their leaves.
In order to prevent this you’ll need to transplant periodically, moving your cannabis plants to larger flowerpots until right before the flowering stage. Every time you transplant, we recommend using a rooting stimulant, as well as mycorrhizae and Trichoderma as we mentioned earlier.
Keep in mind that the bigger the flowerpot, the larger the size of your plants and the larger the yield – so you’ll need to plan out your growing area accordingly. If you’re growing in the ground, we recommend transplanting from your flowerpot to the ground once they’re around 15 – 20cm tall; this allows it to grow more robust.
If you need more information on transplants, you can check out our post; when and how to transplant cannabis plants. Cannabis plants growing outdoors after a transplant.
Feminized light-dependent cannabis plants grow until adulthood (around 30 days). They’ll keep growing as long as they don’t get less hours of light. If you grow outside of the right season, your plants will grow for around a month and then they’ll start their flowering stage.
This is why we recommend growing feminized cannabis seeds towards the start of the season; if you want, you can also harvest again towards mid-summer. We recommend planting feminized seeds over autoflowering seeds, as they offer larger yields and quality.