Growing Weed From Seed For Dummies

Growing weed can be easy, though some marijuana grow tutorials make it seem like you need a degree in horticulture. Learn how to plant a seed & start growing with as little time and effort as possible, or read our advanced tutorials for monstrous yields! Learn all about growing weed for dummies. How to grow weed for beginners. Growing weed indoors, how to grow weed outdoors. Learn all about growing marijuana with Leafly's comprehensive guide, covering the plant, its life stages, what it needs to survive, and how to create an ideal environment for it to thrive.

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All the information available at GrowWeedEasy.com is completely free and we regularly update the site and make new additions.

Looking for a growing book?

If you are interested in doing a bit of reading or would like to know more about the science behind marijuana hydroponics or horticulture, I strongly recommend viewing our page of Marijuana Grow Book Reviews.

We would love to hear about your experiences with growing cannabis. Whether you are a pro grower already or are just starting your first plant, we have learned so much from our readers both beginners and masters!

If you have any suggestions, comments, concerns, or just want to ask some questions about your marijuana grow, please contact us!

Growing Weed For Dummies

Check out our growing weed for dummies guide for an in-depth look at how to grow cannabis for the first time. If you’re a complete gardening beginner, you can still learn how to grow weed fast and on a budget. All you need are the right tools and growing techniques to get your garden off the ground.

Setting-Up Your Cannabis Garden

Let’s start with the basics. In order to start your own cannabis garden, you’re going to need enough space to house 1 or more plants. This could be an unused closet, corner of the bedroom, garage, or backyard.

Outdoor Weed growing

Make sure to check your local ordinances to ensure you are legally allowed to grow outside. Most towns that do allow outside gardens require growers to keep them in an enclosed and secure space. A greenhouse is a great way to harness the power of the sun and maintain a slightly climate-controlled environment.

Indoor Weed Growing

If you’re growing indoors, you may benefit from a grow tent or grow box. These self-contained units can come with everything or most of what you need to grow weed. Make sure you choose a tent that can fit in your unused space and can house the amount of plants you want to grow.

In addition, consider the height of your plants. Will your grow tent be tall enough to accommodate them?

A hydroponic system is an alternative to the traditional soil-based method. Hydroponic gardens use an inert growing medium and nutrient-water solution to grow. These systems may be more expensive and complex than the simpler soil-based system.

Good Seed Makes a Good Weed Crop

Every cannabis plant starts from a seed. There are hundreds of variations you can choose from including feminized, regular, and autoflowering seeds. Each has a different growing requirement but feminized are easier to work with for beginners. Buy cannabis seeds from a licensed retailer or shop from online seed banks that ship to your location.

Cannabis Plant Container

Cannabis plants need to grow in an area that has enough space for its roots and has good drainage. Generally, a 5-gallon container/pot with drainage holes can do the trick. You may also use a similar sized and shaped container such as a bucket, fabric pot, etc. As long as it has the right drainage system, you won’t have issues with mold and root damage.

Buy cannabis grow tents and closets online.

See also  Weed From Seed To Harvest

Cannabis Growing Medium

Most new growers start off with a pre-made organic potting soil mix. This is an easy way to get started with a growing medium that has all the right nutrients for your plant. Organic nutrient sources include earthworm castings, compost, bat guano, and more.

Learn How To Grow Cannabis!

Ideally, shop for cannabis-specific potting soils in either a “bloom” or “grow” formula depending on the stage of growth. Each formula has a unique ratio of the most critical macronutrients: nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and Potassium (K). Avoid formulas with extended or slow-release nutrients since they can be tricky to work with for beginners.

Germination/Seedling

Growing cannabis from seed requires an initial sprouting stage that can be accomplished in a few ways. One of the best and easiest ways to sprout your seed is using the damp paper towel method. Keeping your seed damp, covered, and cool can be accomplished with a couple of wet paper towels, some paper plates, and patience. Once your seed has sprouted its first green growth, you can transplant it into a larger container.

Bring the Light for Growing Weed

Once your seedling has grown its first leaves, it’s going to need plenty of light to keep the growth coming. During the first part of your plant’s growing process, it needs at least 18 hours of light a day. This can be accomplished with a simple fluorescent bulb or an LED lighting setup. Consistent and intense grow lights help it grow its roots, stems, and leaves.

Feed Up

During your plant’s growth cycle, you will need to ensure it has the right amount and quality of nutrients. Buying high-quality fertilizer made for cannabis plants is your best bet. You can also create your own nutrient mix as you gain more experience feeding cannabis plants.

The Vegetative Stage of Cannabis Plants

During the vegetative phase, your plant will require plenty of water and care. If the top 1 inch of your soil feels dry, water it. Otherwise, avoid over-watering to reduce the risk of mold and disease formation.

During the stage, maintain temperatures between 70 and 85º F. Make sure your vegetative plants get the right amount of fertilizer. Follow the nutrient brand’s directions or use one-third or one-half of the recommended dosage and moderate as you see fit.

The Flowering Stage of Cannabis Plants

After a certain amount of time or when the light cycle changes, your plants will begin their flowering stage. During the flowering stage, plants receive about 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness. Your plants will begin growing its resinous buds until the harvest season.

There are over 300,000 jobs in the cannabis industry. CTU trained me for one of them!

– Johanna Rose
Makes $24.50 @ THC +

Harvest, Dry, and Cure Weed

After all those months of waiting for your bud growth, it’s time to harvest your crop and refine the buds’ taste and aroma. First, you’re going to cut the bud branches from the plants and remove any excess foliage. You’ll need to hang the buds to dry in a cool, dark, and dry space. Check up on them every day to see if their stems are soft or firm and dry. When you can hear an audible snap from your branches when broken, it’s time to cure.

After the drying stage, the curing stage helps bring out the strain’s flavors and aroma. All you have to do is keep your buds in an airtight jar, preferably UV protected. Check back every day and open the jars to “burp” them for a few minutes and let the moisture evaporate. After a few weeks or months, your buds will have released the excess moisture and reached their peak freshness.

Master Grower Education

Growing weed is easier than ever, especially with a strong cannabis education. If you want to learn the ins-and-outs of growing huge yields and high-quality buds, enroll in Cannabis Training University’s online cannabis program. Learn from master growers how to grow indoors or outdoors on a budget. You don’t need super fancy equipment to get started on your new hobby or career. All you need is a small investment and a desire to learn.

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Leafly’s guide to growing marijuana

Growing weed is super easy—it’s called “weed” for a reason—so don’t worry if you haven’t grown anything before. Our clear, easy-to-digest guide will help growers of all kinds, especially first-time ones.

Whether indoors or outdoors, growing marijuana is fun and rewarding, but it can also be challenging and takes a certain amount of patience, time, and money. We’ll walk you through all the steps of growing, from preparation, to seed germination, plant growth, and harvesting, as well as best practices and how to troubleshoot common problems.

Because the plant was illegal for so long, a lot of grow info has been passed down by word of mouth. There are many myths and traditions about growing weed, so it can be hard to sort good, sound advice from hearsay. Also, because it was illegal, there’s ample information on indoor growing and how to get the most out of a small space by maximizing harvests and training plants.

These are all great resources but not all growers want to put in that amount of time and effort to get a ton of weed—some growers just want to have fun, grow a little weed, and smoke something they grew themselves.

Below are all the topics covered in our growing guide. That is followed by a list of where it’s legal to homegrow in the US and a quick overview of the growing process.

Enjoy, have fun, and learn a tip or two—growing weed is therapeutic and relaxing, and there’s nothing better than smoking weed you’ve grown yourself.

Leafly’s complete marijuana growing guide

Where is it legal to homegrow cannabis?

Before you get started growing, you’ll need to see if you even can grow in your state. Below is a list of states in which it is legal to grow your own marijuana at home, both states with medical and adult-use legal status. If your state does not appear on this list, it is not legal to homegrow in your state .

You might be surprised which states don’t allow homegrowing—only five medical states and one medical territory allow homegrowing at all, and some adult-use states require a medical card.

Check out our Guide to marijuana legalization for more details on homegrowing in your state.

Note that “mature” plants are those in the flowering stage, when plants begin to produce buds; “immature” plants are those in the vegetative stage, before they produce buds. A “household” is defined as two or more people living at a single residence.

State Legalization status Legal to homegrow? How many plants?
Alaska Adult use Yes 6 (3 mature, 3 immature)
Arizona Adult use Yes 6
California Adult use Yes 6
Colorado Adult use Yes 6 (3 mature, 3 immature); 12 per household
Connecticut Adult use Yes 6 (3 mature, 3 immature)
Hawaii Medical w/ medical card 10
Illinois* Adult use w/ medical card 5
Maine Adult use Yes 15 (3 mature, 12 immature, plus unlimited seedlings)
Massachusetts Adult use Yes 6; 12 per household
Michigan Adult use Yes 12
Missouri Medical w/ medical card 6
Montana Adult use Yes 8 (4 mature, 4 immature)
Nevada Adult use Yes 6; 12 per household
New Jersey Adult use Yes 6; 12 per household; medical: 10
New Mexico Adult use Yes 6; 12 per household; medical: 16 (4 mature, 12 immature)
New York Adult use Yes (pending) NY is currently setting up a framework for homegrowing; adults will be able to grow 6 plants individually and 12 per household when it takes effect
North Dakota Medical w/ medical card 8
Oklahoma Medical w/ medical card 12 (6 mature, 6 immature)
Oregon Adult use Yes 4; medical: 6
Rhode Island Adult use Yes 3; medical: 24 (12 mature, 12 immature)
South Dakota Adult use Yes 3; 6 per household (starting 7/1/2021)
Virginia Adult use Yes (pending) Virginians will be able to homegrow 4 plants per household beginning July 1, 2021
Vermont Adult use Yes 6 (2 mature, 4 immature)
Washington* Adult use w/ medical card 4 (up to 15 if given authorization from healthcare practitioner)
Washington, DC Adult use Yes 6 (3 mature, 3 immature); 12 per household (6 mature, 6 immature)
Guam Adult use Yes 6 (3 mature, 3 immature); medical: 18 (6 mature, 12 immature)
US Virgin Islands Medical w/ medical card 12
See also  When To Plant Weed Seeds Outdoors

*Illinois and Washington are adult-use states but require a medical card to homegrow.

Quick overview of the basics of growing marijuana

The best way to get quality buds and big yields is to grow strong, healthy plants. Here’s a quick rundown of the most important things you need to know about growing weed:

  • Cannabis is a warm-season annual—it thrives in temperate climates, such as Northern California’s famed Emerald Triangle, and it grows and dies each year, having to get planted again the following year.
  • It will take about 10-32 weeks to grow a weed plant, depending on the method you choose and how big you want plants to get.
  • Before you start growing, you’ll have to determine whether you want to grow indoors or outdoors (more below). You can grow weed pretty much anywhere—it just depends what space, equipment, and resources you have available.
  • Marijuana plants start out as either a seed or a clone. Seeds will need to germinate to grow into a seedling. A clone is a cutting taken off a weed plant that you can then grow into another plant, and it will have the same genetic makeup.
  • After the seedling stage, a weed plant enters the vegetative stage, which is generally the longest stage of its life. Here the plant will be a main stalk, branches, and fan leaves—no buds yet.
  • The magic happens during the flowering stage, when weed plants start to grow buds. Plants enter this stage about two months before harvesting.
  • At harvest, you’ll cut down your plants, trim, dry, and cure them, and then your homegrown buds will finally be ready to smoke.

What does a marijuana plant need to survive and thrive?

  • Light: Weed is a photoperiod plant, meaning the daily amount of light it receives will determine when it flowers—when it starts to produce buds. Outdoors, this happens when the daily amount of light reduces as summer turns to fall, and indoors, growers can control this by changing artificial light from 18 to 12 hours a day.
  • Water: Weed plants of course need water, and the amount of water they need will change as they grow, and also depends on your local climate and weather.
  • Nutrients: Weed plants need nutrients so they can grow strong and be healthy.
  • Temperature and humidity: You’ll need to provide an environment with optimal temperature and humidity that will allow weed to thrive. Generally, this is between 55-85°F, with a relative humidity between 50-70%.
  • Wind/airflow: Weed plants also need wind or airflow, which you can simulate indoors with fans, and which will occur naturally outdoors.

Indoor vs. outdoor marijuana growing

Your homegrowing journey starts with the question: indoors or outdoors?

Growing outdoors is the cheapest and easiest way to grow, because you can utilize the power of the sun and other natural resources, but you need the proper space to do it, and the space needs to be able to get ample sunlight throughout the growing season. Often, you can let plants grow large and get big yields with more space outdoors.

Growing weed indoors is more expensive because you’ll need to spend money on equipment and utilities, but you can control every aspect of the grow environment and set up an indoor grow almost anywhere. Expect to grow some killer weed—indoor is known for its potency and quality.

How to choose a marijuana strain to grow

At the end of the day, you want to grow a strain you like. A single plant can yield between a half-pound and a full pound of dried buds, depending on how big your plants get, so you’ll have a lot of it come harvest time.

The last thing you want is to put a ton of time and effort into growing weed and end up with a strain that you don’t like. Everyone has different tastes and preferences, and strains affect people differently.