Growing Cannabis From Seed

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Episode 69: Growing Cannabis Part 1: Set Up, Seed Starting and the Vegetative Stage with Rooney Bloom and Chudy Azuogu While I was in Denver, I had the opportunity to tour The Garden, a 7000 How to grow cannabis from seed Wet a paper towel, place your seeds on the towel and gently fold over. Place the moist paper towel with your seeds in a plastic bag, exhale some air into it, seal Want to control budget or have trouble finding clones? Learn how to grow cannabis from seed with this 10-step guide.

Episode 69: Growing Cannabis Part 1: Set Up, Seed Starting and the Vegetative Stage with Rooney Bloom and Chudy Azuogu

While I was in Denver, I had the opportunity to tour The Garden, a 7000 square foot commercial Cannabis grower with my plant friend, and cannabis home grower, Rooney Bloom. In that tour, it was incredibly clear to me that I needed to sit down with the founder of The Garden, Chudy Azuogu and Rooney to discuss their different approaches to growing Cannabis, from seed to harvest. Cannabis is obviously a very popular plant these days for indoor growers… for different reasons than our houseplant plant parenthood obsessions, BUT this two part conversation ends up not being about Cannabis, but perspectives from two growers on how they care for a simple plant. What struck me the most is how commercial growers, (of Cannabis or any other plant) use science and technology to manipulate these plants to grow to their best ability and yield. But really, they are trying to mimic what Mother Nature does so easily. I’m so thankful to Rooney and Chudy for being so open to have this conversation and give us so much knowledge! It was an eye opening conversation that I’m so thankful for!

Disclaimer: if you plan on growing Cannabis, you absolutely must look up your local laws on growing this plant. This episode is not an endorsement for growing Cannabis, but an exploratory conversation for those who do. Do your own research on the legal side if you intend on growing on your own.

Also- you might hear Rooney’s pup walking around and wagging his tail through this conversation, he was a wonderful audience to have in Rooney’s home during this conversation.

How to grow cannabis from seed

Wet a paper towel, place your seeds on the towel and gently fold over. Place the moist paper towel with your seeds in a plastic bag, exhale some air into it, seal it and place it in a warm place. Seeds germinate best at 78°F. Within 72 hours a taproot should appear.

How long will it take to germinate?

Seeds will germinate within 24 to 72 hours. Keep the seeds in a warm, moist (not wet) and dark environment.

What if my seeds don’t germinate?

If your seeds do not germinate after 3-4 days, check to see if the seed is still viable by placing it in a glass of water. If it sinks, it is still viable. If it floats, it will likely not sprout. If viable, try repeating the germination process.

When can I put the seedlings outside?

A seedling should only go outside if the temperature is above 60°F to avoid stunting, and after first acclimating it to direct sunlight. A simple trick is to put the seedling near a sunny window for a couple weeks. Once it has grown a couple layers of serrated leaves, move the plant outside for a few hours during the sunniest part of the day, increasing it by an hour each day for about two weeks. Your seedling should then be strong enough to be moved outside full time. Remember, during the vegetative phase, you want the seedling to receive 18 hours of light, so you may have to supplement your outdoor sunlight.

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How do I sex the seedling if it’s not feminized?

Generally, the earliest your seedling will show male traits is 4 weeks. Males tend to grow taller quicker than female plants. Otherwise, you’ll typically be able to sex your seedlings at 45 days. Even when seedlings are feminized, there is a chance a female can show male traits when under stress.

How are feminized seeds created?

There are multiple ways to create feminized seeds by applying different types of natural solutions. The most common is colloidal silver. These solutions are sprayed on mother plants that are created from stable clones. The solutions force the mother plant to grow male pollen sacs. These pollen sacs only contain female chromosomes. That pollen can then be collected or the mother plant allowed to pollinate other female plants. The resulting seeds are feminized up to 99.9%.

When will the plant start flowering?

The flowering phase is when the female plant develops its reproductive anatomy. Then comes trichome development. In cannabis, trichomes actually function as a defense mechanism. During the flowering phase, light is decreased from 18 to 10-12 hours and, most importantly, the plant has uninterrupted darkness. Flowering phase usually lasts 7-9 weeks or longer. Autoflower strains, which don’t need a change in light to begin flowering, can start flowering within 4-6 weeks.

Can I cut clones off my seedling?

Technically, yes. As long as the seedling has multiple side branches or enough internode separation that you can take a cutting without damaging your seedling. Generally you should grow your seedling out for between two weeks to a month before attempting to cut a clone. The cutting should be immediately put in a rooting solution.

What is the average shelf life of a cannabis seed?

The shelf-life of cannabis seeds depends on the robustness of the seed itself. On average, if kept in a cool, dark (not humid) place your seeds can last from six months to a year.

How can you extend the shelf life of cannabis seeds?

Cannabis seeds can last for years if they are kept in a vacuum sealed container and refrigerated.

How do I tell if my seeds are still viable? Worth growing?

To check if your seed is still viable, drop it into a cup of water. If it sinks, it is still viable. If it floats it will likely not germinate.

Which grow faster, seeds or clones?

Plants from seed will generally grow faster because they will produce a tap root whereas clones produce more lateral roots. However, if you start with a clone, you will have bypassed the germination and sprouting phases, which will cut down on your overall growing time.

Why are some seeds so expensive?

Feminized and autoflower seeds tend to be more expensive than regular seeds. Feminized seeds result in female plants that produce the desired flower or bud. Autoflower seeds are not dependent on changes in light patterns to flower and have a shorter growth cycle, making them easier for beginners.

What seed strains are best for humid vs dry climates?

Sativa or sativa-dominant hybrid strains, overall, are best for warm and humid situations. Dry climates are simpler to grow in, however take care to keep your soil watered so it doesn’t dry out or get too hot that it bakes your roots.

KindPeoples is now offering our full seed menu at both locations. Check our Soquel Ave. Menu and Ocean Street Menu for our latest inventory.

How to Grow Cannabis From Seed In 10 Easy Steps

Whether it’s to control budget or because it’s hard to acquire clones, many are interested in learning how to grow cannabis from seed. Growing marijuana has never been easier or more accessible. Our guide to growing cannabis takes you from the planning stages to the final stages of your harvest. If you’re ready to start growing your favorite strain, keep reading.

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Step 1: Sourcing and Germinating Seeds

If you can’t or don’t want to grow from clones, seeds are a great (and some may say better) alternative. Finding high-quality seeds is easier said than done. Dispensaries in states with medical or adult-use cannabis may carry cannabis seeds. In states without cannabis laws, finding seeds is strictly limited to online cannabis seed banks.

Do your research on the many available seed banks that ship to the U.S. While many say they ship worldwide, they may exclude the U.S. in the fine print. Seed banks differ in seed selection. They also offer a variety of payment methods and discreet shipping. Some of the most popular seed bank sites include Attitude Seed Bank, True North Seed Bank, Amsterdam Marijuana Seeds, and Seedsman.

Cannabis seeds require germination to jumpstart the growing process. The simplest way to achieve this is through the paper towel method. During this process, the germ in the seed breaks through the outer shell forming a root, also known as a taproot. Germination can take a day or up to a week. Germinated seeds can be placed in the growing medium.

Step 2: Location and Light

Cannabis can be grown indoors or out. However, most towns that allow for home cultivation require gardens to be secured and away from public view. Regardless of where you choose to grow, your space must have the right amount of light and space to grow.

If you’re growing outdoors, consider any large trees that may cast a shadow or shrubs and bushes that can limit its space. North American growers should plant their garden in a space that faces the South to increase the amount of light it gets.

Growing indoors? Consider the height of your space and garden. Don’t forget about including the hanging lamp height in your calculations. Grow lights need to be a certain distance away from lights to prevent burns and avoid stretching if the light is too weak.

Indoor growers can grow in basements, garages, rooms, and even closets. Many growers start off with a grow tent, which provides a contained space for cannabis gardens. Many tent options come with all the necessary pots, lighting, filters, and fans needed to start growing from seed.

Once you’ve chosen your preferred space to grow your garden, it’s time to consider lighting, an integral part of the process. Most growers choose metal halide (MH) lamps during the vegetative stage. They switch over to high-pressure sodium (HPS) bulbs during the flowering stage.

Others may stick to their fluorescent and LED options. These can provide the right level of supplementary lighting for HID lamps. If you’ll be depending on LED lamps for your garden, make sure they have a full spectrum of white light. Full-spectrum LEDs are a bit more expensive than conventional HID lights, but they can save you money on energy bills. 250 to 400-watt HID lights can work for small gardens.

Step 3: Medium and Container

The medium of your plant refers to the base structure of your plant’s roots. A container keeps your medium, nutrients, and water contained when needed. Outdoor growers can use dirt, topsoil, compost, and other soil amendments to create a thriving microbiome needed to feed the plant’s roots.

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Indoors growers, on the other hand, are increasingly preferring soil-less growing methods. Mediums made from peat, sphagnum, and coco act like soil. They hold the moisture and air needed to absorb the necessary nutrients.

Many smart pot options have holes around the sides and bottom of the container to improve water drainage. These breathable pots allow roots to get oxygen during the dark cycle. The pots prevent water build-up, which can lead to root rot and mold.

Step 4: Nutrients

Choosing the right nutrients is important for the best growth possible. Cannabis plants require certain nutrients to grow its roots, foliage, and buds. Nutrient solutions usually include an N-P-K ratio (nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium). Nutrient solutions come in grow and bloom formulas for vegetative and flowering stages, respectively. Grow formulas have higher ratios of nitrogen compared to bloom formulas due to their differing needs.

Start off by reading your nutrient solution’s instructions and create a diluted solution at ½ to …” the recommended dosage. Starting off with a lower-than-recommended dose ensures you don’t overfeed and ruin your crop. If within a week or 10 days you don’t see any signs of nutritional deficiencies, you can increase the dosage to the listed levels on the packaging. If however, your plant looks healthy, you can continue your feeding levels.

Ideally, you want to use organic fertilizers to avoid salt build-ups in the medium. Organic and veganic nutrients are pricier than synthetic fertilizers, but they produce a far better product. Organic nutrients are helpful to bring out the cannabinoid and terpenes from your strain.

Some outdoor growers choose to feed their gardens through a composted medium that has many of the minerals needed for the plant’s growth. Others use time-release pellets that contain nutrients that are slowly released into the medium.

Step 5: Vegetative Stage

A plant’s vegetative stage is the first (some might say most important) part of the growth process. Much of the plant’s size and yield are produced during this time. Some may say that longer vegetative periods can lead to bigger yields. Vegetative periods can last between a couple of weeks to a couple of months.

Plants will remain in a vegetative stage when the light-dark cycle has more light than dark hours. Indoor growers set light timers to provide their plants with a minimum of 18 hours of light per day during this stage. During its dark cycle, the roots develop, so every hour of light and darkness matters.

Many growers use MH bulbs during this stage. MH bulbs have blue wavelengths, which are necessary to keep your plants from growing tall and wild. Indoor growers may prefer this set-up to keep their plants short and bushy. MH bulbs can produce plants with short internodal lengths (the distance between the main stem and the branches).

During this stage, you can employ different training and pruning techniques to maximize growth and yields. For instance, topping a plant involves removing the top shoot of the main stalk near the end of the vegetative stage. When cut, the plant produces additional shoots under the shoot’s cut, where buds can form during the flowering stage.

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