The following year it was fashioned as part of a badge for the Order of the Golden Fleece. However, in 1746, the King ordered a new setting for the diamond, which also contained the Dresden White Diamond. In 1754, the badge with the diamond(s) moved to the Königstein fortress, near Dresden, at the onset of the Seven Years’ War. Here is where the diamond got its name: Dresden Green. The diamond returned to the Green Vault when the war ended.
In 1726, the same merchant, Marcus Moses, offered the diamond to Friedrich Augustus I, king of Poland. However, he sold it to his successor King Augustus II, of Poland. At that time, it had an estimated value of £30,000. But it sold for something between £60,000 and £400,000. The books are not clear about it.
Some natural green diamonds are only green on the surface as they were only bombarded with alpha particles. In most cases, when polished, these diamonds fade to a light green or yellow color. Light green diamonds are stunning. But nothing can compare to a deep intense color. The Dresden Green Diamond was penetrated below the surface by both alpha and gamma rays. So it doesn’t matter whether it was cut or not. The deep color remains.
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According to the GIA, the Dresden Green has a weight of 40.70 carat.
The Gemological Institute of America (GIA) examined the green diamond in 1988.
In 1768, the Dresden Green Diamond was once again dismantled. A jeweler named Diessbach fashioned it into a hat clasp. The clasp contained the green diamond along with two white brilliant diamonds and a cluster of smaller diamonds. It remains in this setting to this day.
“On Tuesday last, in the afternoon, one Mr. Marcus Moses, lately arrived from India, had the honor to wait on his Majesty [King George I (ruled 1714-27)] with his large diamond, which is of a fine emerald green colour, and was with his Majesty near an hour. His Majesty was very much pleased with the sight thereof. It is said there never was seen the like in Europe before, being free from any defect in the world; and he has shown his Majesty several other fine large diamonds, the like of which ’tis said were never brought from India before. He was also, the 25th, to wait on their Royal Highnesses with his large diamond; and they were surprised to see one of such largeness, and of such a fine emerald color without the help of a foil under it. We hear the gentlemen values it at £10,000.”
– source: gia.edu
For centuries, many people believed The Dresden Green Diamond was as a symbol of good luck and fortune. It is the largest green diamond in the world.
The greed diamond, along with the rest of the contents of the Green Vaults, was moved to the Konigstein Fortress for safe keeping during the Seven Year War (1756-1763). As you may recall from history, Saxony was defeated, and so the Golden Fleece was dismantled with the part containing the Dresden Green being set as part of a hat ornament during 1768 (in which it currently resides accompanied by other colorless diamonds).
Although great speculation has surrounded the origins of the Dresden Green, it is believed to have come from the Kollur Mine in India. The diamond’s history however is well documented from as early as 1741.
According to early reports from German news outlets, the material value of the “loot” is estimated to be just short of $1 billion. Crazy as this may seem, it’s not the monetary value that has caused the greatest distress; it is something much bigger. According to Marion Ackermann, general director of the Dresden State Art Collections, the pilfered items have priceless cultural value.
The diamond was made available for the public to admire up until the start of World War II. During the years of war, the entire collection of the Green Vaults was stored in Konigstein Fortress until they were transported to Moscow in 1945 for safekeeping (as Dresden was almost completely destroyed). The vaults’ contents were returned during 1958, and in 1959 they were put on display for the first time since 1942.
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On November 25, 2019, on e of the biggest heists in modern history took place in Dresden, Germany. The target was none other than the famed “Green Vault” state museum, housing hundreds of historic and highly valued jewels and diamonds, including the famous Dresden Green Diamond.
The first mention of the stone is in the Inventory Book no.16 located in the Green Vaults of Dresden, Germany. It states that the gem was sold by a merchant named Delles to the King of Poland, Augustus III, during the 1741 Great Annual Easter Fair at Leipzig. A year later the diamond was set as part of a badge fashioned for the Order of the Golden Fleece. In 1746, by King’s order, a new setting was created, this time incorporating numerous small colorless diamonds as well as another one of his famous diamonds, the Dresden White.
Every holiday has a unique theme and coloring surrounding their festivities. Apart from their spiritual value, these celebratory events that come around once every year help us leave the routine of our everyday lives behind, and “feel the moment” with our loved ones.
Aside from the fun and commercialized elements, this holiday holds significant meaning and value for the Island of Éire. What better way for us to celebrate this historic event than with one the most historic green diamonds of all time; the Dresden Green.
Natural green diamonds have long been among the most sough after stones in history. The Dresden Green diamond is a truly magnificent pear cut diamond commonly associated with old European styles of modification. Learn the rich history, behind one of history’s most magnificent colored diamonds.