As you can see, there are numerous methods of extracting pollen. Each technique can vary from grower to grower, but they all involve separating trichomes/kief from plant matter and compressing into a solid substance. Even this list does not cover the full breadth of methods used today. So how do you decide which one to use?
Put your cannabis in the freezer beforehand for a few hours. This will help the trichomes separate from the plant. Place your trim on the screen atop a clean and flat surface. Gently rub the plant material against the screen. All the trichomes will fall on the flat surface below. Do this for as long as you’d like. You should be trying to get at least 10% of the total weight of your trim in trichomes.
For this, most growers will remove a few cuttings from plants that are 2-3 weeks away from full maturity. Others wait until it’s harvest time. From here, the process is the same as hand rolling. Rub the buds and trim gently between your hands until a thick coat appears. Charas will be smokable under most methods. You can add it to some flower in a joint, blunt, bong, or pipe.
Hashish results from the separation of trichomes from the cannabis plant. Although most trichomes are found on mature cannabis flowers, they can be sourced from all over the plant in smaller concentrations. This is the reason so many growers save their trim; they can extract all the trichomes holding the almighty cannabinoids and terpenes. These trichomes are then used to make edibles, or are pressed/heat-treated to form hash. Until recently, trichomes were referred to as simply “kief”. In fact, kief is technically the swollen crystal formation on the end of trichomes, which appear as microscopic, hair-like glands.
If you’re thinking of making a fre sh batch of hash, then you should definitely consider using Royal Gorilla, but only if you can handle enormous levels of THC. This monster is the result of an ambitious growing project featuring parent strains Sour Dubb, Chem Sis, and Chocolate Diesel. This strain shows no mercy and offers instant and long-lasting highs fuelled by THC values of over 25%. What’s more, she has a genetic makeup consisting of 50% sativa genetics and 50% indica genetics, offering a powerful effect that is equally balanced between the domains of the body and mind. The sativa elements wake up the brain and open the gates to in-d epth creative thinking and problem solving, whereas the indica aspects send a warm and comforting feeling into the muscles.
Flat screening is also a relatively easy method, but you’ll be needing a silkscreen. The smaller the perforations are on it, the purer your hash will be. It’ll depend on whether you’re looking for quantity or quality.
Hand rolling is a process that normally occurs as a consequence of handling large amounts of cannabis buds and trim while harvesting. Basically, trichomes will stick to your hands, eventually forming a noticeable black layer of sticky resin. Once a decent amount of the material has been gathered, you can rub your hands together to form small spheres of hash.
Dry ice hash is a method which extracts nothing but the resin itself. This is one of the purest methods of homemade hash-making around. For this cannabis science experiment, you’ll also be needing a bucket, dry ice, safe gloves, and bubble bags. These mesh bags should be perforated to fit your desired purity. A 73μm bag will give you the purest result with nothing but resin. If you increase to a 160μm bag, you’ll be gathering a higher quantity of product, as well as more plant material. This is not necessarily a bad thing, it just depends on what you’re looking for.
It will also depend on whether you’re doing this at a professional level or simply looking to upgrade your personal stash. We hope we’ve provided you with enough information to help you make a decision and get started making your very own hash!
Thankfully, hash, which can be created in a variety of ways, utilizes these wasted parts and concentrates them into a block of concentrated THC.
The heaviest hash yields will often come from the hash bags with larger diameter gaps in the mesh netting. As the trichome resin glands are separated from the plant material they settle progressively and fall through from one hash bag to the next. These ‘hash particles’ settle progressively through each hash bag according to the size of the netting. The larger particles are collected in the initial 160 and 120-micron bags. Only the smallest trichomes reach the finest mesh 25-micron bag for collection. These finest grades of the hash are often very light in colour due to the absence of stray pieces of leaf material. The ‘lower’ grades of hash, collected from the 160 and 120-micron bags are still joyously potent but may be a slightly darker color due to the relatively higher amounts of green plant material which sneaked through the larger hash bag nets.
With capacities upwards of a Kilogram of plant material, many automatic hash making machines make large scale hash production very convenient. Many coffee shops, social clubs, and dispensaries report that hash is coming back in fashion. This is probably due to the overall increase in popularity for cannabis concentrates. These auto hash making machines resemble top-loading washing machines, and they take all the hard work out of hash production. These automatic devices contain the hash bags and agitate the plant/water/ice mixture with jets of bubbles from the side. If you make serious amounts of hash then a Bubbleator machine makes life much easier. Simply adjust the settings for the amount of agitation and the length of the wash, sit back and relax. At the end, the bags are easily removed from the machine, and the wet hash particles can be scraped off and dried. Modern techniques for drying the wet hash includes freeze drying and the use of vacuum chambers for accelerated drying.
The longer you allow for the stirring process the more trichomes you will be able to collect. Allow yourself half an hour or more, ensuring that the temperature stays cool and the mixture is constantly stirred to maximise the chances of removing all the trichomes. Make sure the buds are peeled apart otherwise no amount of stirring will remove the trichomes from the centre of the bud. And at the end of your stirring session, many hash makers allow the water to settle for 15-30 minutes or so. Longer for larger containers. This extra time allows the resin glands to settle sequentially through each hash-bag according to their size.
The plant material should also ideally be pre-frozen. The higher the quality of the starting material, the more hash you will make. If you start with good quality shredded buds you will make more hash than you could make from poor quality trimmings. It’s important that the plant material is well shredded before you put it in the ice-cold water bath. Otherwise, the resin glands are not all available for removal. Some people peel buds open with their fingers to expose the inner layers. Others use scissors.
Many seasoned hash experts like to use filtered water. Converts to filtered water include the ex.tractor team from Barcelona, who kindly supplied the pictures showing some of their recent hash production which is destined for the best Barcelona social clubs. Filtered water is free from minerals, such as inorganic salts which can be abundant in hard water areas. Filtered water helps produce extra pure hash and is a connoisseur touch.
Some hash makers add carbon dioxide pellets to the water to help it stay really cold during a long hash churning session. These can be bought from catering suppliers or even online, just search ‘dry ice’. Just a few CO2 pellets sprinkled into the mixture can really ensure ice-cold water temperatures.
As the ice mixture of plant matter is stirred/agitated, the trichomes fall off and fall through the various nets in the hash bags. As the illustrations show, each bag collects its own grade of hash. For most hashish connoisseurs, it is the hash from the finest mesh, usually the 25-micron hash bag, which is most highly prized. That’s because only the smallest trichome heads are able to pass through the previous hash bags and reach the final bag. This means very little plant /leaf material gets through. Under magnification, the hash looks like a massive collection of trichomes all squashed together.
When cannabis buds, leaves, and harvest trim are churned around in ice-cold water the resin glands drop off the plant material into the water. From there they can be collected in special hash bags. It’s important that the whole process is conducted at low temperatures. The water should contain plenty of ice, ideally, it should be around 0ºC. The water and ice mixture is prepared in a large container, often a clean plastic tub or clean plastic bin. Inside the bin, you need to place your hash bags. One of the original Dutch hash bag brands is called the Ice-O-Lator series. They come in various sizes, for personal or larger scale hash production. The hash bags contain mesh nets with specific size gaps in the net e.g. 160, 120, 73 and 25 microns.
Most people simply scoop the slurry of wet hash particles from each hash bag and scrape it off onto a sheet of greaseproof paper or silicone pad to dry slowly over a couple of days. This allows the water to evaporate naturally, leaving behind the powdered hash particles. Hash connoisseurs often label the hash, according to the size of the mesh used to produce it and the cannabis seed variety used. Avoid exposing your hash to high temperatures, it easily gets sticky and squishy.
Some people like their hash in powdered form, this makes it easy to sprinkle into a joint or vaporizer. Other people love to roll their hash into a traditional ball. Some people roll hash into thin tubes which they lay inside a joint. This will sizzle and supercharge the potency as well as giving a penetrating hashy scent when the joint is lit.
The finely prepared plant material is slowly added to the stirring bath of iced water. The bath temperature is monitored, and a wooden or plastic spoon is often used to stir the mixture. The cooler the temperature, the more efficient the trichome removal. More ice is added if the temperature rises, ice can be bought at most supermarkets. Because the THC, cannabinoids, and terpenes are largely insoluble in water the process is efficient. In fact, many hash fans claim the intense taste and flavors from water hash are retained thanks to the low temperatures used in the process. The only waste is the residual trichomes left on any plant material e.g. if large buds were put in the ice water without being peeled open or grated first.
Read on to find how hash can be made simply by stirring your buds/trim with ice and water. You just need hash bags and an explanation of the techniques used