Learn about the differences between Full Spectrum Crude Oil and Distillates & where to purchase. Do you want to know more about the ever-expanding world of CBD? Read on ahead for our introduction of hemp crude oil and how you can use it.
The Difference Between Full Spectrum Crude Oil and Distillates
Consumers who are interested in adding cannabidiol (CBD) to their regimen have a number of options when it comes to the available products currently on the market — and, CBD distillates and full spectrum crude oils are some of them.
At Medical Mike’s, we focus on full spectrum CBD oils that feature all of the beneficial compounds of the hemp plant without leaving any behind. While there are CBD isolate products available, we believe that CBD working in conjunction with other cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids in the hemp plant can produce a more enhanced and therapeutic effect in those who consume it. In this article, briefly observe the difference between full-spectrum crude oil and distillates.
What Are Distillate Oils?
Sometimes referred to as broad-spectrum hemp oil, distillates begin as a full-spectrum oil, but are then further refined to remove certain cannabinoids, like tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). They generally contain as much as 80% CBD, with the remainder comprised of other minor cannabinoids, terpenes, and other plant oils. Distillates can be refined even further to create CBD isolates, which are purified CBD crystals that are made up of nearly all CBD.
There are a few different methods to extract CBD and other compounds of the hemp plant. Distillate oils are run through a more intensive and lengthy extraction process in order to break it down into broad-spectrum or CBD isolates, which essentially leaves behind a product that contains a higher CBD level. But since CBD distillates still contain other cannabinoids, they are sometimes considered full-spectrum products and can contain significant levels of other cannabinoids.
There are pros and cons of distillates, including the following:
- More potent form of isolated CBD.
- Versatile (may be used on their own or added to edibles or topicals).
- Contain very few terpenes that work synergistically together to create the entourage effect.
- Typically contain a lower content of cannabinoids and other bioactive chemicals.
What Are Full-Spectrum Crude Oils?
Crude CBD oil is also known as full-extract or full-spectrum CBD oil and is considered true hemp oil with all its compounds.
“Full-spectrum” CBD means that all cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids— including CBD and other bioactive compounds — are extracted from the hemp plant instead of just the CBD alone. Studies suggest that when all cannabinoids are ingested together, they work in harmony to provide an even greater effect in the body. This phenomenon is what scientists refer to as the ” entourage effect .”
More specifically, the entourage effect is based on the notion that each individual cannabinoid can create a more powerful effect when they work together compared to what they are able to do on their own. For this reason, many consumers may prefer consuming full-spectrum oils over isolates.
Like distillates, full-spectrum CBD oil has its perks and drawbacks, including the following.
- Offers the full benefits of all compounds in the hemp plant.
- Less processed than CBD isolates.
- May have a strong flavor.
- May contain higher levels of THC, which is less than 0.3% by law.
There are over 100 known cannabinoids, of which CBD and THC are the most abundant and well-known. But there are plenty others that are worth noting because of their potential therapeutic effects and role in the entourage effect in the body. There are also many terpenes in the hemp plant as well, which also deserve their credit for the medicinal properties they may have.
Other cannabinoids that would be present in full-spectrum CBD oils include cannabigerol (CBG), cannabichromene (CBC), which we will get into more detail below:
Organic CBG oil – A cannabinoid not typically abundant in hemp and usually comprises less than 1% levels in most plants. However, when it works synergistically with other cannabinoids in full-spectrum hemp oils, it can offer a number of health benefits, including alleviating pain, inflammation , nausea, and potentially reducing eye pressure caused by glaucoma .
CBC – Sharing the same origins as THC and CBD from cannabigerolic acid (CBGA), CBC is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that may be associated with neurogenesis , alleviation of pain and inflammation , and calming of skin issues . CBC may even have antidepressant properties .
While there’s certainly the argument that CBD isolates and distillates can be beneficial because of the high concentrations of CBD contained within them, there’s also the potential for more heightened effects with full-spectrum crude CBD oils.
By allowing all beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes to work together, the effects may be more pronounced and powerful compared to the consumption of CBD alone. We invite you to try any one of our high-quality CBD oils to experience the therapeutic potential of full spectrum extracts.
What Is Hemp Crude Oil and What Is It Used For?
When it comes to creating products intended for consumption or topical use, most companies will use filtration during the process. After all, they want to make sure that they only expose customers to beneficial compounds and ingredients. But in some cases, doing without filtration can offer unique benefits.
Extracting CBD from hemp is one such instance. You can find out how by answering the question “What is hemp crude oil and what is it used for?”
What Is Hemp Crude Oil?
When people extract CBD from hemp, they usually don’t set it aside for immediate consumption. It usually goes through a filtration process which removes the plant matter from the oil. Hemp crude oil is oil that has been extracted from hemp but hasn’t gone through this additional refinement process.
Ingredients in Hemp Crude Oil
As mentioned, hemp crude oil still contains all the plant matter that is normally filtered out. This includes plant lipids and chlorophyll, which gives the oil a grassy taste when consumed. Along with the plant matter, crude oil contains the full range of cannabinoids from the hemp strain you are extracting, as well as a host of minerals, such as:
Benefits of Hemp Crude Oil
Highest Number of Cannabinoids
When you don’t put an extract through additional filtration, the extract retains all the cannabinoids available in that hemp strain. This typically gives you the highest amount of benefits resulting from the cannabinoids working together.
We refer to the latter idea as the entourage effect. When multiple cannabinoids are present together, they work synergistically, and their effects are enhanced. Since hemp crude oil has the most cannabinoids, it can offer the entourage effect.
Simpler Extraction Process
Filtration is a large step in extraction, and it takes time, energy, and equipment. While this process may change depending on the desired end product, it usually includes processes such as winterization. Because hemp crude oil doesn’t require the same degree of filtration, this expedites the entire process.
Drawbacks of Hemp Crude Oil
The presence of plant matter in CBD doesn’t render it ineffective or poisonous. However, it will certainly alter the taste. Typically, CBD with chlorophyll and similar substances tastes grassy, which many users find unpleasant. This often makes it less ideal for oral or sublingual consumption, though you can still take it by mouth.
Differences Between Hemp Crude Oil and Full-Spectrum Distillate
At first glance, many users confuse hemp crude oil with full-spectrum tinctures available on the market. While both products provide a wide range of cannabinoids, you can mark some key differences. The most significant is filtration. Typical full-spectrum tinctures are distillates that have gone through filtration to remove all plant matter, while crude hasn’t. This gives the products a few distinctions, such as:
Texture and Color
Most users will compare full-spectrum distillate to honey. It has a warm, semi-translucent brown color and a similar sticky, free-flowing consistency. When extracted using ethanol extraction methods, crude oil is much darker brown—almost black. It also has a thick, tar-like consistency.
As mentioned, hemp crude oil tends to have a rougher, grassier taste because of the presence of plant matter in the product. Since distillate has filtered out the plant matter, it tends to have a milder taste than its crude oil counterpart. This makes it more appealing for oral consumption or use in flavored CBD tinctures.
How Is Hemp Crude Oil Used?
Even though hemp crude oil has such a distinct taste, you can take it orally the same way you would take a distillate tincture. Most users who consume it this way choose to mask the flavor by using the oil in food or drink. Baked goods, dressings, sauces, and dips tend to make good choices for this method, since sauteing cannabinoids at high temperatures tends to degrade them.
The other option is to avoid taste altogether and use hemp crude oil as part of a topical product. This helps avoid the potentially degrading effects of cooking to help your body receive the full impact of the product. Additionally, the plant matter, fats, and many of the minerals contained in the crude oil offer a number of benefits for the skin, such as helping in skin cell regeneration.
Of course, in most instances, people extract hemp crude oil for the purpose of filtering it to turn it into other CBD related products, such as:
- Full-spectrum tinctures
- Broad-spectrum tinctures
- Vape cartridges
- Edibles and gummies
You must put oil through a winterization process to filter it. This involves combining the crude oil with ethanol and agitating it. From here, you put it into a deep freeze, anywhere from -112 degrees to -4 degrees Fahrenheit. The extract remains in the freezer for 24 hours. After that, you put it through a filter, which removes the waxes from the oils and ethanol.
Afterward, the hemp goes through other filters to remove other plant matter, like chlorophyll. Our hemp oil processing equipment includes a four-stage filtration skid that includes a bag, cellulose, active carbon, and cartridge filters. Depending on your purposes for the extract, you can elect to use one or all of these filters to achieve the desired result.
Along with this, you must filter the ethanol you used for the extraction and filtration out of the extract. This involves a process known as short-path distillation. During this, operators place extract in a vacuum chamber where the solution gets separated from the ethanol. You can recycle it for reuse.
Every CBD manufacturer is different. But whether your business specializes in edibles or vape cartridges, chances are, you will run into hemp crude oil. So, having an understanding of what hemp crude oil is and what it does is useful for exploring your current processes and looking into future product options. And whatever products you envision, Cedarstone Industry is here to help bring them to life. Reach out to us today to learn more.