There are two predominant factors that influence a plant’s yield and general health: genetics and environment. We can’t stress enough how crucial genetics are to start off with. If you want to achieve the best and most trichomes you can, choose genetics that are known to produce an abundance of them. When you get the best seeds, you’ve done everything possible for one of the factors. Now you only need to worry about environmental conditions. Remember, though, trichomes aren’t everything when it comes to potency. Make sure you fully understand what each strain has to offer before purchasing seeds.
There is a short, yet manageable window to achieve a good mental and physical high combination. When the trichomes still display a cloudy white colour, but are already turning slightly amber, harvesting will result in a nice mix of effects. A good time to chop is when ¼ of the trichomes have turned amber, while the others remain cloudy.
Sometimes, your level of growing experience isn’t enough. The best nutrients and watering cycles will only get you so far. Make sure you know what to do when looking to grow a trichome-covered plant.
Routine checks are necessary for growers of all experience levels. Always monitor your plants for any nutrient deficiencies. Nutrient uptake will seriously contribute to your frosty buds and the overall health of the plant. Even factors like airflow and proper watering practices are essential concerns for proper trichome development.
When it comes to finding reliable genetics with great trichome production, you can always try Lemon Shining Silver Haze or White Widow. Both strains get their names from the white coating of trichomes that appears during flowering. These are also great options when seeking a killer high. Try them out and assess for yourself. Just remember that, although hugely important, genetics are only part of the equation; they’re the first step. With that said, once you’ve chosen the proper strain, you can focus all your attention on following the best growing practices.
Since trichomes cannot be seen by the naked eye, they must be looked at with a magnifying glass or jewelers loupe. If the trichomes are still translucent, they are not ready. At this point, they’re still producing cannabinoids, something you don’t want to interrupt. Buds will grow exponentially in the last 2 weeks, so be patient. When trichomes start turning milky white, it’s an indication they’re close. The buds still won’t be ready, but this is the time to be most attentive. Around half of the pistils should’ve darkened to an amber-brown colour by now.
Although all growers know trichomes to be important, most do not understand why the cannabis plant produces them in the first place. This is crucial to grasp if you want to achieve those deliciously resinous buds. Biologically, trichomes are used for self-defence. They’re the best natural way that female cannabis plants protect themselves from pests and pathogens. With “aggressive” aromas and tastes from terpenes and other compounds secreted by trichomes, insects tend to stay away from flowers. Trichomes also help coat the buds, defending them from harmful UV rays. By providing shadows, the plant can better control the amount of light it lets into flowers.
Although, this being the case, your temperature should not surpass 26°C (80°F). Having higher temperatures won’t affect your trichome yield, but it will ruin their potency. That’s something you definitely don’t want. To verify that temperatures are correct, give your buds a good smell. If you encounter a very pungent aroma, it might be an indication the temperature is too high. This will gradually degrade your trichomes, so be careful.
LEDs might also be an option for upping trichome production. These lamps don’t produce any UV-B light, but some growers believe that with just enough stress, trichome proliferation will still increase. This might be a risky option, but it could work. When exposing your plant to low-impact forms of stress, you should constantly check for signs that they are still healthy. While some stress can be beneficial for boosting trichomes, too much will bring your plants past the point of no return.
Getting your buds to produce loads of trichomes on your next harvest might not be as hard as you think! With a few techniques, you’ll be on the right track.
3) When 70% of these trichome heads are milky and 30% amber, it is the perfect time to harvest mostly Sativa hybrids and long flowering strains (like Haze). It is also the best moment to harvest plants for making hashish.
Vortex marijuana from TGA SubCool
If you are growing mostly Indica hybrids, it is better to harvest your plants when the resin glands are completely developed but not fully ripen – before they turn amber – unless you want to be glued to your sofa.
When resin trichomes are near their THC concentration peak, they have a translucent colour since the plant is still producing resin in the trichome glands.
What does it all mean?
It is alsmost an example of plant harvested too late. However, in this way we take profit from all the medicinal properties that the plant has during this late stage.
If you have a digital camera with Macro function, you can take close-up shots and use a photo-editing software to zoom the pictures and observe the trichomes.
We will see here which is the best moment to harvest your marijuana plants at their psychoactivity peak, and try to understand what happens in our plants during the last weeks of flowering. In this way, you will be able to harvest your plants depending on the desired effect.
Regarding trichomes and what they tell us, Robert C. Clarke – in his book “Marijuana Botany” – states:
Here you have a translation of an article from TGA Subcool about the harvest of cannabis plants. Both the effect and taste of marijuana are directly r