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Translations in context of "cannabis" in English-Russian from Reverso Context: cannabis use, medical cannabis, cannabis resin, use of cannabis, cannabis plant Learn more about cannabis terpenes, the aromatic oils that give cannabis its distinctive smell. Explore their benefits and discover how they can deepen your appreciation of cannabis. Not to be confused with Lean, or cannabis simple syrup, THC syrup is a popular way to add a little kick to your iced tea or cocktail.

Translation of “cannabis” in Russian

По имеющимся оценкам, незаконными наркотиками, преимущественно каннабисом, злоупотребляют около 32 миллионов африканцев.

С 2006 по 2013 год потребление каннабиса среди старшего поколения в Штатах увеличилось на 250 процентов.

На практике, использование испарений каннабиса предлагает значительные преимущества по сравнению с пероральным употреблением ТКГ.

Nemesis сочетает в себе два сорта из двух знаменитых регионов, где выращивается каннабис – Северной Индии и Непала.

Пациенты с депрессией, употреблявшие каннабис, сообщали о значительно большем количестве нарушений сна.

This may indicate that domestically produced cannabis continues to replace imported resin, mainly from Morocco.

Это может быть признаком того, что каннабис отечественного производства продолжает замещать импортируемую, главным образом из Марокко, смолу каннабиса.

По сообщениям, в Telegrass состоит более 100000 членов в Израиле, в том числе десятки поставщиков каннабиса.

Единственная константа между провинциями – это то, какие продукты каннабиса вы можете иметь на самом деле.

Creating outstanding cannabis seeds is a craft that combines natural selection with scientific assistance.

Процесс создания достойных сортов каннабиса – это истинное ремесло, сочетающее в себе незаменимую помощь науки и естественный отбор.

Рост объема изъятий каннабиса дает основания предполагать, что его производство также продолжает расти.

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What are cannabis terpenes and what do they do?

The unique musky, skunky, and pungent aroma of cannabis is unmistakable: Most people can smell it before they even see it. Terpenes, the aromatic compounds that determine the scent of many flowers and herbs, bestow cannabis with its distinctive odor and contribute to its flavor.

Cannabis contains more than 150 types of terpenes. Although most terpenes are present in only trace amounts, the more prominent ones team together to give diverse cannabis strains their signature scent profiles. The combination of terpenes in Sour Diesel tell you of its pungent, gassy character, while Cherry Pie evokes the pleasant scent of sweet and sour cherry pie fresh out of the oven.

Beyond providing cannabis with its unique bouquet of scents, terpenes also hold diverse functions in the plant and can produce a range of therapeutic and mood-altering effects in cannabis consumers.

Where do terpenes come from?

Terpenes are naturally-occurring compounds found in the trichomes of female cannabis plants. Trichomes are sticky, translucent glands that cover the surface of buds, and in much smaller amounts, on leaves and stems. Critically, trichomes contain resin glands that produce terpenes.

Terpenes play an integral role in a cannabis plant’s growth and survival. Besides producing distinctive aromas, these organic compounds also enrich color and pigmentation in leaves and buds, and contribute to the flavor of cannabis. In short, terpenes help to enhance the plant’s attractiveness to some creatures, while deterring others that can do harm.

Certain terpenes like geraniol, for example, repel insects or herbivores that might be tempted to snack on cannabis. Other terpenes, like terpinolene and linalool, attract insects and other small creatures that can help spread pollen. These aromatic compounds support the plant’s immune system by conveying information about the surrounding environment, protecting plants from stressors and pathogens and helping to trigger immune responses.

A sweep of variables can affect the amount of terpenes a cannabis plant produces. Factors such as whether the plant is grown outdoors or indoors, exposure to light, temperature, certain growing mediums, nutrient levels, and when harvesting is carried out can all influence terpene levels.

Many terpenes are volatile compounds, meaning they are easily lost during standard cannabis extraction processes. However, growing awareness of the therapeutic value of terpenes is leading to more sensitive extraction methods, such as live resin.

Live resin is made from fresh frozen cannabis plants and maintains freezing temperatures throughout the extraction process to protect terpenes and other volatile compounds in the plant, leading to a more aromatically complex and flavorful cannabis experience.

How do terpenes affect the body?

Awareness of the aromatic properties of terpenes is not new. Humans have long harnessed the vibrant scents associated with terpenes to formulate essential oils for practices such as aromatherapy.

For example, anyone who’s dabbed lavender oil—which contains linalool—behind their ears knows that it can potentially help you relax you. Similarly, terpenes in certain cannabis strains can add to its effects.

However, the effects of terpenes appear to extend beyond feel-good benefits and stress relief. Terpenes have also been identified as a new frontier in cannabis medicine. Until recently, the spotlight has been focused almost exclusively on the therapeutic qualities of cannabinoids, such as THC and CBD, but as our understanding of terpenes grows more sophisticated, it’s becoming apparent that these aromatic compounds are medicinal powerhouses too.

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All terpenes boast unique combinations of therapeutic properties. Unsurprisingly, some of the effects terpenes have on humans are evocative of their function in cannabis and other plants—like helping to fight off unwelcome microbes and pathogens.

The medicinal benefits of terpenes

Preclinical studies on animals and in vitro studies—in test tubes—have identified a range of therapeutic benefits associated with terpenes. It should be noted, however, that terpene research is in its infancy and has not been widely performed on humans. More research needs to be done to solidify our understanding of these compounds.


Researchers are always on the hunt for new antiviral compounds. Many terpenes could show strong abilities to help kill viruses, including alpha- and beta-pinene, caryophyllene, camphor, and carvone.


Rising rates in many forms of cancer are driving the quest to find compounds that can help suppress it. Some terpenes, including those found in cannabis, can exhibit anticancer activity, helping to inhibit the activity or growth of cancer cells.

Limonene could represent a particularly notable anticancer and antitumor agent, along with other terpenes such as pinene, camphor, terpinene, and beta-myrcene. One potential unique benefit of terpenes is that they may be unlikely to affect healthy cells or cause side effects—something important for cancer treatments.


Twenty-five percent of antidepressant drugs are formulated using herbal extracts that contain terpenes. Linalool and beta-pinene are common among many plant extracts used in antidepressant medication.


A vast array of terpenes may display antimicrobial activity, or the ability to halt a harmful microorganism in its tracks. Terpenes that may help in killing or stopping the progression of microorganisms include alpha-bisabolol, geraniol, menthol, eucalyptol, and terpinolene.

Pain relief

Researchers have found that some cannabis terpenes may mimic cannabinoids by creating a pain-relieving effect. In one 2021 study that combined terpenes with cannabinoids, pain-relieving effects were amplified without an increase in negative side effects. This interaction could indicate the entourage effect (more below).

Terpenes that may promote pain-relieving activity include humulene, geraniol, linalool, and β-pinene. Fascinatingly, the study above also found that these terpenes activate the body’s CB1 receptors, which form part of the endocannabinoid system and influence pain perception.

How can terpenes contribute to the effects of cannabis?

Emerging evidence suggests that all plant compounds in cannabis work together synergistically—this is known as the entourage effect and can be thought of as: The whole of all compounds present in cannabis are more together than the sum of its parts. In other words, a special whole-plant synergy occurs when cannabinoids and terpenes are consumed together, as opposed to by themselves.

For example, terpenes appear to play a part in influencing the effects of THC and CBD in the body. In a 2018 review of people with epilepsy, those who took full-spectrum CBD extract—including cannabinoids and terpenes—experienced improved symptoms and fewer side effects than those who took CBD isolate, only containing cannabinoids. Full-spectrum cannabis extract is whole-plant medicine, containing cannabinoids, terpenes, and other compounds that are present in the plant.

The researchers also found that full-spectrum CBD extract was four times more potent than the CBD isolate, meaning patients could take a significantly lower dose, and attributed this to the therapeutic synergy of cannabinoids and other compounds, such as terpenes.

More recent research has found that terpenes boost cannabinoid activity, but high concentrations of terpenes were needed to see this enhancement.

It’s vital to acknowledge that much is still unknown about terpenes and their interactions with other terpenes, cannabinoids, and flavonoids present in cannabis. In addition, the majority of the research we do have is based on animal or test-tube models.

Nonetheless, growing clinical interest in these aromatic compounds is yielding some fascinating findings. It’s likely that the coming years will see a more sophisticated understanding of terpenes develop, and how they behave both individually and synergistically.

The top three terpenes found in cannabis

As mentioned earlier, there’s a staggering range of terpenes present in cannabis—more than 150 different types, to be exact. While many of these occur in concentrations too low to detect, some have a more robust presence.

Here’s the lowdown on three terpenes that are the most predominant in cannabis.


Most cannabis cultivars are dominant in either myrcene or caryophyllene. Myrcene, a terpene that’s also predominant in hops and lemongrass, has been described as delivering scent notes that are herbaceous, spicy, earthy, and musky. Myrcene gives cannabis a mildly sweet flavor profile—it’s also found in mangoes.

In addition to contributing to the signature scent of cannabis, myrcene can also deliver anti-inflammatory effects. A 2015 study in cultured cells indicates that myrcene may effectively reduce inflammation associated with osteoarthritis.

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The terpene also appeared to help prevent the breakdown of cartilage cells, slow down the progression of osteoarthritis, and decrease the production of certain inflammatory cells produced by the body. Myrcene could potentially be harnessed to help alleviate anti-inflammatory diseases and their symptoms in the future.


Caryophyllene, also known as beta-caryophyllene or β-caryophyllene, lends a spicy, peppery bite to some cannabis strains. Caryophyllene is also found in other plants such as cloves, rosemary, oregano, and black pepper. If you catch any of these scents when you smell a certain cannabis cultivar, it’s likely because caryophyllene is present.

Caryophyllene is the only known terpene found in cannabis that can bind to the CB2 receptor in the endocannabinoid system, which is found in the body’s immune system. Thanks to this unique action, caryophyllene is sometimes also classed as an atypical cannabinoid.

Research into the therapeutic actions of caryophyllene shows that it has potential in easing symptoms in diverse conditions such as colitis, diabetes, cerebral ischemia, anxiety and depression, liver fibrosis, and Alzheimer-like diseases.

Future research suggests that caryophyllene’s activity at the CB2 receptor could be harnessed to help treat conditions that are accompanied by inflammatory symptoms.


Clean, fresh, uplifting citrus-y scents—limonene’s name is a giveaway for the aromas associated with this terpene. Limonene is found in the rinds of citrus fruits and ginger, and the terpene is also predominant in many cannabis cultivars that have a fruity, fresh bouquet, like Papaya Punch or Black Cherry Soda.

Limonene appears to alter the way certain immune cells in the body behave, which may protect the body from a range of disorders. In one study, limonene helped to increase the production of antibody-producing cells in the spleen and bone marrow, which are used by the immune system to identify and neutralize pathogenic bacteria and viruses.

Researchers have also recently floated the idea that the unique therapeutic profile of limonene could be useful in treatments for Covid-19.

THC syrup: What is it and what can you use it for?

For generations in every corner of the Earth, countless elixirs have come as syrups that go down easy and provide relief from what ails you, a powerful high, and oftentimes both. The same principle applies to THC syrup, a unique and potent way of ingesting cannabis.

But what is THC syrup? First, let’s look at what it isn’t.

THC syrup is not ‘lean’

Lean, Barre, Purple Drank, Sizzurp, Texas Tea, call it what you want. For the past 20 years, Codeine and promethazine cough syrup has been popular across the United States — and before that in the South — and possibly the most mentioned drug in Hip Hop.

With its roots in the blues clubs of Houston in the 1960s, drinking lean (often mixed in a styrofoam cup with Sprite and Jolly Ranchers) creates a powerfully intoxicating, euphoric effect that can slow down the whole world and have you sitting sideways, with your speech slurred and your body leaned over, hence the name. It has featured in the sound of countless hip hop artists, and has been linked to the untimely deaths of some of those same musicians.

THC syrup doesn’t cause the same level of intoxication — or danger — as lean. It does not contain any opiates whatsoever. That doesn’t mean you don’t need to be careful. Like any edible, you’ll want to start slow, with a small dose the first time. It also is not related to THC lean, which is just codeine and promethazine syrup infused with THC.

THC syrup may also be confused with cannabis simple syrup, which is made by infusing simple syrup with weed. THC simple syrup is a great way to sweeten — and add THC to — cold drinks like iced coffee, or to add a little kick to a cocktail. Cannabis simple syrup is easy to make and very effective, but we’ll save that for another article.

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So, what exactly is THC syrup?

Syrup has all the same effects as marijuana edibles, but with an onset that users say can be far quicker. (Shutterstock)

This liquid marijuana is made by infusing vegetable glycerine with cannabis concentrate or oil and adding sugar or other sweeteners. There are countless recipes for THC syrup online, and many of them vow to create a syrup that mimics the viscosity and sugary sweetness of cough syrups — just without that medicine flavor.

You can also purchase it at dispensaries in legal cannabis states, though it can be expensive and hard to find.

What can you use THC syrup for?

You may be wondering, if you already have some premium flour, THC gummies, and a pipe or some papers within arms reach, why bother with THC syrup?

THC syrup is popular with users because it has the same effects as marijuana edibles, but with an onset time that users say can be far quicker. While a hash brownie or a THC gummy can take well over an hour to kick in, the internet is abound with people swearing they can feel the effects of THC syrup in around a half hour, possibly even sooner, although there is no scientific evidence of rapid onset.

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Like any edible or tincture, THC syrup can be an alternative to smoking or simply more discrete.

These cannabis syrups don’t contain THC, but they could still be worth a try:

  • USA farm-grown certified USDA organic hemp oil
  • Independent lab certified
  • May help ease pain, stress, anxiety, depression, inflammation
  • Delivers the benefits of CBD in liquid form
  • 100mg premium hemp extract
  • Additional high-quality botanicals to encourage wellness
  • Formulated for maximum relaxation
  • 300 mg of CBD per bottle
  • Can be mixed with a beverage or taken on its own

Why did it become so popular?

There are a number of reasons for the popularity of THC syrup. Namely, it can produce the full-body intoxicating high of edibles.

The cannabis syrup industry may also be piggybacking on the popularity of lean in Hip Hop and pop culture.

At least one manufacturer puts “lean” directly in the title of their product.

Another company, Cannavis, relies on Hip Hop imagery in its marketing strategy. Its main homepage prominently features a photograph of a young Black man in a red NY Yankees fitted pouring tropical punch flavored THC syrup into a soft drink bottle, almost as if he was mixing up some purple Sprite. Cannavis also states on its about page that THC syrup is “typically mixed with a beverage.” (The company did not reply to an email inquiring about its marketing approach.)

Companies marketing weed syrup — especially those calling it “lean” — appear to be targeting people interested in the look and vibe of lean without the risks or high price.

How THC syrup is different than smoking

Anyone who has taken edibles can tell you that the high lasts longer than smoking and can be more intense. (Shutterstock)

Edibles in general are popular because they produce a high that is different than smoking or vaping. When smoking cannabis, the THC enters the bloodstream almost immediately. That produces a very rapid onset. With edibles, the THC travels through the digestive tract to the liver, which metabolizes it into 11-hydroxy-THC. This is not the only reason why edibles take longer to kick in, but it’s why they produce a different high than smoking.

Studies have shown that 11-hydroxy-THC is stronger than THC. Anyone who has taken edibles, especially a larger dose, can tell you that the experience lasts longer and can be more intense. It often produces both a strong body high and a powerful cerebral effect.

If mixed into a soft drink, THC syrup can create a cannabis beverage of sorts, although THC syrups can vary in terms of consistency.

Cannabis beverages can also have a long onset time like standard edibles — well over an hour. This is improving as the industry invests more time and effort (read: money and research) into producing rapid onset beverages.

Is it safe?

First things first. THC syrup is not dangerous in the same way that lean is. However, like with lean, it’s relatively easy to take too much if you’ve poured the bottle into a soft drink. Like any cannabis products, unwanted side effects can occur with too high a dose.

Another potential problem is if you’ve mixed your liquid cannabis with alcohol, such as a hard liquor. This can create a highly intoxicating, slowed down effect that could actually resemble some of the sensation of lean. Mixing THC syrup with liquor can make one feel queasy or produce a high that is too strong.

According to Tal Lupo, a product developer in the Israeli cannabis industry, some forms of THC syrups may seem new. Actually, he explains, they “resemble century old cannabis tinctures that were given at pharmacies.”

New technologies might also be changing the way that cannabis syrups and beverages effect us. Micro and nano-emulsification processes may create a “novel cannabinoid pharmacology profile that leads to a different user sensorial experience. More pharmacological research is needed so we can learn about cannabis beverages’ metabolism and predict the onset, strength, and length of the effect,” Lupo said.

Mixing THC syrup with alcohol “can really produce severe adverse effects,” Luo added, referencing a study from 2013 which asserted that “simultaneous alcohol and marijuana use raises significant concern due to the potential for additive or interactive psychopharmacological effects.”

The bottom line with weed syrup? Don’t mix it with alcohol and start with a low dose until you figure out what’s right for you.

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