If we begin with the sexing of a cannabis plant, the technique is relatively simple. If pistils are present post-germination, then you have a female plant. If they are not, then the plant is male and should be removed immediately to prevent other plants being pollinated.
A final observation when it comes to pistils is that it is not uncommon for new sets of pistils to appear during the flowering stage, even if conditions are optimal. This is a genetic feature that some strains posses. Usually more prevalent in sativas, it can be counteracted by increasing dark time and tricking plants into thinking winter is coming. Reducing light exposure to 11/13 or 10/14 should speed up flowering and support a plant’s readiness to be harvested.
The calyx has two functions depending on the circumstances. If a feminized plant is left to its own devices, the calyx will begin flowering and put its energy into developing buds. If, on the other hand, the pistil comes into contact with pollen, then the calyx becomes the ovary and will put its energy into producing seeds, not buds. The objective for most cultivators will be to produce seedless feminized cannabis plants, or “sensimilla”. These are the cannabis plants that provide us with large, resinous buds.
• Sexing Plants Via The Pistils
Heat and lighting are two primary factors that can cause pistils to continue developing, even if a plant is late into the flowering stage. If pistils continue to build on parts of the bud closest to your light source, then you may have a problem. You should use the original buds, pistils, and trichomes as a sign your plants are ready to harvest, rather than relying on the new growth. They will look immature, regardless of whether your cannabis is at its peak, because of how late into the flowering cycle they began to develop.
If we split cannabis plants into autoflowering and photoperiod categories, the former is the easiest to sex because flowering is rapid, and multiple pistils tend to appear at once. The latter can prove slightly more complex. Not because the pistils are necessarily tricky to spot, but because they can appear at different times depending on the genetics of the strain.
• Harvesting Plants Using The Pistil Method
If you have noticed several long, hair-like growths on your cannabis plant, then you are looking at pistils. A highly important part of cannabis anatomy, correctly identifying pistils is a must-have skill for any grower. If not, you could end up missing out on those all-important buds. Keep reading to find out more.
We already have a comprehensive guide on how to use pistils to determine when to harvest cannabis; but in summary, the white pistils will begin to change colour during the flowering phase. Once the majority of pistils have started to turn orange, brown, and red, then you are ready to cut down those prized buds.
Follow the link to identify pistils correctly, and find out why they are hugely important to a grower if you want to harvest mature buds successfully.
Cannabis grows in a variety of climates around the world and can be used in many applications: rope, biofuel, paper, and many medical and recreational uses. The plant is part of the Cannabaceae family, which also includes hops. It is further classified as Cannabis sativa L . Each part of the plant serves a purpose and while the whole of a cannabis plant is certainly greater than the sum of its parts, knowing its parts can inform your experience and appreciation of it. Below are descriptions of each of the plant’s parts and the functions they perform.
Many breeders produce seeds that are feminized as a way to avoid male genetics. These feminized seeds only carry female genetics, and in most cases, is guaranteed to produce female plants. Another option is to grow auto-flowering strains, which are genetically engineered to automatically flower after a brief vegetative period of two to four weeks.
Knowing the parts of a marijuana plant is necessary for propagating cannabis plants. Propagation refers to the process of using one plant to create new plants. In general, cannabis growers do this in one of two ways:
- Though you’ve likely handled dried, cured cannabis buds, it’s rare for someone outside of cultivation circles to handle a whole cannabis plant, let alone know its many parts and their functions.
- One component, “sugar leaves,” get their name from the high volume of trichomes they present that resemble sugar.
- The stem provides a foundation to give fan leaves access to the light they need to facilitate growth and carries the weight of the heavy cola(s), among other functions.
- Becoming familiar with the parts of a marijuana plant is vital for selecting the right type and strain of weed you want to consume, and for propagating and growing your own marijuana plants.
- If you want to get to know cannabis better, be sure to get to know the dynamic pieces that go into the composition and structure of the plant itself.
The pistil is the primary piece of the female flower’s reproductive system, comprising a single ovule with two protruding stigmas.
Leaves are important components of a weed plant , and there are actually a couple types of marijuana leaves . The large, protruding leaves that appear along the length of the plant are called fan leaves. Theses leaves are essential to the living plant’s photosynthesis, but are always removed from the finished, harvested product.
The thin hairs that extend from a female’s bract to catch male pollen. They are commonly confused with pistils. Knowing how to identify stigmas is an important part of growing weed, as these are the telltale signs that a plant is female and will therefore produce the cannabinoid-rich flowers you’re trying to harvest.
The main support structure of the marijuana plant , the stem transports fluids, nutrients, and information from the roots to the rest of the weed plant . The stem provides a foundation to give fan leaves access to the light they need to facilitate growth and carries the weight of heavy colas.
- Indica: Indica-leaning weed plants tend to produce dense, fat, heavy buds during the flowering stage. These strains are typically believed to give consumers a “body high” instead of a more cerebral high.
- Sativa: Sativa plants tend to produce buds that are airy and more formed than indica plants. Sativa strains of the weed plant are often said to offer users a more cerebral, energetic, “buzzy” highs.
- Hybrid: As a blend of sativa and indica, hybrid strains are generally believed to give you a more balanced high.
- Hemp: Hemp plants are part of the cannabis family, but they differ from a regular weed plant in that they produce only trace amounts of THC, the cannabinoid responsible for the intoxicating effects of the marijuana plant. In the U.S., the 2018 Farm Bill specified hemp as a cannabis plant containing up to 0.3% THC. However, hemp plants produce a number of other important cannabinoids, most notably cannabidiol (CBD), and their fibers are used to produce a range of textiles.
The cannabis plant has many different parts to it. Learn about the cola, calyx, trichomes and more.