Having a flat surface will also make any regular maintenance and upkeep chores much easier to complete. While the leveling of the surface is being completed this is also an excellent time to clear out any rocks, grass/weeds, and any other avoidable obstacles from the garden area. Clearing of grass and plants is important because it can be an invitation to bugs and other critters. Doing so will also help lessen the possibility of them growing into and around the containers. The removal of any rocks and other hard pieces of earth is needed because of the next step of the preparation process.
To simplify the installation process a grower should purchase pre-set ½ drip irrigation hoses that have the emitters already in place at 9 inch intervals. Simply cut off a section that is long enough to spiral around the inside of the container, connect it to the main line, and place a proper sized cap on the end. If a grower does not buy a pre-built drip line with the emitters installed they will have to place all of the emitters into the hoses themselves which can be an extensive task. A soaker hose can also be used for the drip-line section of the irrigation system, if desired. After the complete drip-line irrigation system is installed, cap the entire system and secure the main line with the help of “U” shaped ground stakes or something similar.
The maximum size container for a high-performance outdoor cannabis garden is 1,000 gallon for plants started by seed and 600 gallon for rooted cuttings or clones. The important thing to remember when choosing the container size is that enough space needs to be provided between each plant to allow for easy access and maneuverability while performing regular maintenance and other garden tasks.
Which container size to grow in can be determined by how much space is available and how many plants are to be grown. For a high-performance outdoor cannabis garden, a grower will want to use the biggest container
Regardless of whether the water supply source is a well or an external containment tank, a pump that is strong enough to move the water from the source location to and throughout the garden is required. There are a multitude of pump styles available on the market today and they range from gasoline fueled to electric powered, even some that utilize solar energy. It is up to the grower to choose the pump that best meets the qualifications for each particular situation. If the property has a well on sight it will come equipped with a submerged pump that should be strong enough for any type of application. When drawing water from an external containment tank, the grower will need to do some research to determine the correct pump size for the operation. Taking into account the amount of water to distribute, the distance from the water source to the containers, and whether or not the ground is sloped, will help a grower to determine which pump is most ideal.
The best way to ensure proper water distribution while avoiding potential waste is to set up a relatively simple drip-line irrigation system. Drip-line irrigation is the best method of water delivery for a container garden. The slower dispersal is the most effective use of water when compared to a sprinkler system or other means of irrigation. Arguably, the most important benefit of a drip-line irrigation system is the fact that the water is distributed through the emitters at low levels over a desired amount of time. This allows the rooting media to more readily absorb higher levels of moisture directly, resulting in less run-off from the bottom of the container and a decrease in potential water waste. As the years go by, water is becoming an extremely precious resource. Properly managing your water in the garden and limiting or eliminating any excess runoff is a huge responsibility for the grower.
The size of the wire square will be directly determined by the size and circumference of the container being used. The wire will act as a barrier to help prevent small burrowing creatures, like gophers and moles that may dig up through the ground and weed mat, from getting into the container and causing unwanted damage to the plant’s root system. This can be especially important during seasons of drought when the most abundant source of water may just be what is being irrigated into the containers when the plants need a drink. The weed mat and wire are important preventative measures when designing a high-performance outdoor cannabis garden and can help assure that no unwanted weeds or critters/pests can enter into the containers causing either competition for water and nutrients or severe destruction of the root zone.
Creating an adequate surface for production is the platform of a successful outdoor cannabis garden. The plants should be grown in Smart Pot® fabric aeration containers and can easily reach heights of over 10 feet, so it is imperative to find or create the flattest surface possible. There are several reasons for growing in containers instead of the earthen soil. Some terrestrial soils can hold unwanted contaniments such as excessive heavy metals or chemical residues from previous misuse and management. Other soils may have an undesired composition like heavy amounts of clay that can lead to poor drainage with a texture that is too dense for delicate roots to effectively traverse through. The best, fool-proof way to avoid these issues is to grow in containers and to know exactly of what the growing medium is comprised.
After creating as flat a surface as possible and removing all rocks and other debris, cover the entire garden area with a heavy-duty landscape fabric or weed mat. The mat should be laid out to cover the whole garden surpassing the containers by at least five to six feet. This will create enough space to allow ease of maneuverability when working in and maintaining the garden. Use the thickest heavy-duty fabric available to ensure that it does not easily rip or tear due to the heavy amount of traffic it may experience. Using cheap, thin fabric will result in rips and tears that allow weeds and grasses to infiltrate the garden. When laying out the weed mat, overlap the edges by 6 to 12 inches and secure in place with ground stakes similar to those used with tents for camping. Overlapping the weed mat will help to create a sort of single-layered structure that is more impervious to weeds, grasses, and small animals.
Cannabis Garden Preparation & Set-Up Once the location for the grow site has been determined and all of the necessary arrangements have been made, then comes the time to begin preparing and